The Gita identifies the need for individuals to exercise selflessnessin activities they undertake. Despite the fact that one has the rightto choose what they can do or avoid, it is essential that focusing onthe consequences of a particular action should be the least ofconcern. In Chapter II, the Gita illustrates that one should never bemotivated by the consequences of their actions ("Bhagavad-Gita:Chapter 2, Verse 19"). Instead, one ought to ensure that theybehave in a selfless manner without focusing on gains they are likelyto achieve. The decision to do so is likely to make an individualbehave in a way that only identifies the benefits they can get fromtheir actions. Similarly in Chapter III, verse 18, it is stated thatno purpose is gained through the discharge of actions neither is asin incurred through the non-discharge of the particular deed("Bhagavad-Gita: Chapter 3, Verse 18". Because of the same,the Gita identifies the need to act selflessly and not focus onspecific consequences for their actions.
Maintenance of the world
Shri Krishna identifies the need for individuals to act in ways thatbring benefits to the entire world. There is a focus on ensuring thatopportunities are given to those who have the ability to bring themuch-desired change. For example, Chapter III Verse 26 states thatthe wise individuals should create discord in the intelligence offoolish individuals attached to fruitive actions. The expressioncould explain the need to give everyone an opportunity to act in amanner that they desire for as long as their actions have the benefitof bringing positive change in the world. The use of the phrase“maintenance of the world” could mean execution of tasks thathave benefits, not only to the individual but the world as a whole.Any actions undertaken by people irrespective of their nature shouldbe accommodated especially if they have a chance of transforming theworld. Similarly, in Chapter III Verse 23, one can identifyactivities that seek to improve the state of the population in theworld ("Bhagavad-Gita: Chapter 3, Verse 24"). The actionscan be good behaviors aimed at transforming the world and maintainingvirtuousness.
Comparison of Themes and Explanation of Philosophy of Actions
The two sections present crucial aspects when it comes to the needfor individuals to act in ways that do not focus on consequences oftheir actions. There are similarities regarding in the themespresented in the two readings. Focus is on acting in a manner thatserve to bring change. Further, the two themes acknowledge the needto ensure that one ought to be selfless in all they undertake to do.The consequences of a particular action should be the least ofconcern of the individual. Also, despite people having power over theactivities that they decide to undertake, they do not have controlover the consequences that emanate. Because of the same, it isessential not to focus on the implications of the actions butinstead, act in a manner that depicts selflessness. However, section(b) goes an extra mile of explaining the need for individuals to beaccommodative to others especially if their actions would be fruitfulto the society as a whole. The philosophy preached in the Gita is notwith Kantian ethics. Kantian states the need to avoid certainbehaviors even if they had a chance of bringing happiness. Unlike theGita, Kantian focuses on the actions leading to particularconsequences.
"Bhagavad-Gita:". Bhagavad-gita.org. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 June 2016.