Theoryand Practices of Corrections
Theoryand Practices of Corrections
Thecorrection officers face many threats, unlike other professionals.They are in the surrounding of inmates with violent behaviour. Theinmates have some items like locks, toothbrushes, and broken glasses,which they can use to harm the correction officers and other inmates.Thearticle, VideoAdvancements Tighten Securityby Guercio, addresses how security can be improved in the correctionfacilities by new security systems.Withthe improved surveillance, managing security is easier as theprisoners are aware that they are being watched. Despite theimprovements in security measures, the correction officers may befaced with some personal issues that make their concentration low,hence vulnerable to attacks by inmates.
Insufficientrest before work is an issue that will affect the safety of theofficer. His work is stressful and demanding therefore, to keep thecellblock and himself safe, he requires to be alert. Since he had aninadequate sleep, there will be an increased risk of injury, and thesafety of the cellblock will be compromised. Research has it that,deprivation of sleep is as hazardous as being drunk for an officer.His attention will be reduced. As such, his performance and criticalthinking will be lowered(Cornelius,2010).He will then be exposed to issues like constipation, diarrhoea, andheartburn. As such, this will lead to mandatory overtime in thesubsequent days.
Inabilityto protect the weapons will affect the safety of the officer becausehe will be exhausted for working overtime and keeping awake becauseof the sick child. The prisoners in the cellblock may take advantageof his weary situation, take his unsheathed weapons, and cause harmto him and other inmates. Additionally, from his fatigued state, hecan get attacks from the inmates, as he will be making bed checksduring the night patrol. He will be exposed to the threat of sharpobjects fashioned by the prisoners, for example, the shards of glass(Cornelius,2010).Even after conducting shoddy body searches to the inmates, he may notbe able to find the improvised weapons.
Moreover,the officer can fail to place himself strategically in his assignedarea. Hence, he will not be able to monitor and control all theevents and inmates. Failure to do this can expose him to an attackand hostage while on duty. He will therefore, be required to beconscious of his surrounding but due to the exhaustion, he might hideto get some rest leading to problems by the inmates. Positioninghimself where the prisoners can see him well and then end up sleepingmight motivate the inmates to devise ways of taking his weapons andcause harm. He is always required to present himself in aprofessional manner(Cornelius,2010).Hiding to have some rest will give the prisoners loopholes to causeharm, and fail to respect the professionalism of the officers. He isthus required to keep the home and work life separate.
Theproblem of inadequate sleep for the officer can be solved by ensuringthere is enough staff to assist an officer who is tired. The shortageof staff makes the employees to volunteer working overtime toincrease their paycheck. A sufficient staff will help avoidsituations of working three or four double shifts in a week. Hence,enough rest will be guaranteed for the officers increasing safety inprisons. Additionally, Internet Protocol (IP) cameras can be fittedin the cellblocks to help in facial recognition, tracking of motion,and remote management of the inmates due to the high megapixelresolutions. This will enable the officer have some rest, and getback to work by checking what the inmates could have done when he wasasleep(Guercio,2016).This can be risky, but it will help punish the wayward prisoners whomight take advantage of the tired correction officer.
Thesolution to the problem of inadequately protecting his weapons can bethrough digitising videos to, to stream digital footages in thecellblock for the officer. With the videos streaming in, the officerdoes not need to roam the cells to find those with the intention ofaccessing the weapons, since they can be watched from far and bedealt with in time(Guercio,2016).The officer will also quickly escalate to a scene of a fight betweenthe inmates, because they will be aware of the potential dangers dueto the enhanced video clarity.
Officerstrategic positioning problem in the cellblock to can be solved byhaving portable camera units that enable views in hidden andinaccessible locations. Portable Network Surveillance Cameras (PNSC)have the zoom ability, which enhances visual awareness via encryptedvideo that is wireless. This enables it to be positioned where thefixed surveillance assets are not installed(Guercio,2016).The officer will then have peace of mind, as the inmates will beunder control without being aware.
Inconclusion, correction officers work in risky environments.Therefore, they require enough rest to deal with all kinds ofcriminals. Some of the problems they experience while on duty includeinsufficient rest before work, the threat of attacks by inmates usingthe officer’s weapons, and inability to adequately monitor andcontrol all the inmates. However, these can be solved by employingenough officers, fitting the cells with IP cameras to track motion,digitising videos to stream in digital videos for the officers onduty, and installing portable cameras.
Cornelius,G. (2010). Thecorrectional officer.Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press.
Guercio,F. (2016). VideoAdvancements Tighten Security(1st ed., pp. 38,39,40,41,42,43). ProQuest Criminal Justice.Retrieved fromhttps://www.homeworkmarket.com/sites/default/files/qx/15/05/14/04/video_advancements_tighten_security.pdf