Texas Government


Theconstitution, of Texas, is a feature of internal sovereignty thatstipulates the state government’s structure and the roles to play.The existing Texas constitution was effected in the year 1876, and itis the 8thConstitution in the state. Newell, Prindle, Riddlesperger, Donovan,Mooney and Smith, 2012). Its features can be summarized asexcessively long, overly detailed, organized in a confusing way, andwritten poorly.

Beforeits amendment, the constitution had about 23500 words in 1876 (Newellet al., 2012). Today it remains the second largest, as far as lengthis concerned, among the states of the America. The degree of detailsin the document can be unbearable. For instance, the idea of advaloremtaxes from the initial constitution to the currently amended texts iscovered under fourteen smaller sections and numerous pages. It hasseveral details that cover the regulation of water boards, bondsales, management of parks and recreation centers, retirementstructures within the municipals, infrastructure, and interestscharged on bonds, sheriff elections in towns, selling of the schoollands, establishment of the health facilities districts, processeswithin the railways, seawalls, and the residence.

Thecomplexity of the constitution is made bigger by its confusedorganization several areas are scattered in different articles ofthe constitution. For instance, certain subjects like the localauthority are found in different articles of the constitution. It isalso evident that the current constitution contains gaps due toseveral sections that were done away with from the originalconstitution. In some cases, the whole sections were repealedleaving behind titles without content. Several sections in articleshave also been repealed.

Thewriting style of the constitution is also difficult to understand. Itis alleged that the original writers were in a hurry and turned downthe idea of hiring a stenographer as they did not want to spend statemoney.

Ideally,the constitution was influenced by the superior, undying ideals, thedemocratic ambitions, and the political culture of the indigenousTexan community (Newell et al., 2012). The rough issues of the timethat needed to be addressed also played an important role in thestructuring of the final document. The durable ideals can, however,be traced to two main sources. The first aspect is the idea offederalism, which each constitution aimed to conform to a nationalconstitution. The second source is the idea of scattered butdistinct effect of local ways of life and values.

Inseveral ways, the two documents are similar for instance, they bothembrace the democratic principle and vest sovereignty of the state inthe governed people. The bill of rights is also a similar feature inthe documents it protects the general freedom of individuals frominfringement by the authority. Provision of two houses is alsoanother similarity between the two they both give room for the houseof the representatives and the Senate. The powers of the governmentarms have been checked by both constitutions this ensures a balancewithin the judiciary, legislature, and executive arms.

Thefirst difference between the two is their length. The U.Sconstitution is short and vague providing a platform for the federalgovernment to interpret it while the Texas constitution is long anddetailed giving every provision in the sectors.

Thestructure of the executive within the constitution is also different.The US constitution calls for a unitary executive in which thePresident is vested with executive powers while the Texasconstitution advocates for a plural executive in which executivepower is spread to several elected individuals.

Theconstitution of Texas has strict rules in regard to the legislaturetax, expenditure, and restricts what legislators can pass into law.However, the US constitution does not have limits in relation to thesame. A good example is where legislators are not allowed toimplement policies touching on taxes on personal income.

Thenature of the judiciary is also brought out clearly in the twoconstitutions. The federal judiciary is structured in an orderly andsimple manner, unlike the Texas constitution which has six types ofcourts and all of them have related jurisdictions.


Newell,C., Prindle, D., Riddlesperger, J., Donovan, T., Mooney, C. andSmith, A. (2012). TexasPolitics.Custom Edition, Cengage Learning