Running head: TERRORISM

Itappears best to define terrorism to shed light on its causes, and itsadverse effects on the population and the environment. is acriminal offense in the international domain and given the rise inacts related to terrorism it is imperative to understand its natureand what factors contribute to terrorism. It is worth mentioning thatterrorism has a broad-based definition, being regarded in differentviews and settings. However, some factors are identifiable in all thedefinitions that is terrorism as a violent act or threat directed ata group of a given state or the general public, meant to createanxiety and fear among the victims, and is usually political,religious, or ideological in nature. It is intended to force thestate into fulfilling the demands of those perpetrating such acts,who are a clandestine sect with military backing. The states of theworld have joined hands against terrorism to combat it and especiallyhelp the victims of terrorist acts to recover from their fear andalso give the medical support for those affected as a result of theterrorist acts.

Itis in the same vein that the Incident Command System was created. ICSis a management system authenticated for the management of variedkinds of catastrophes and emergency incidents. Incident CommandSystem entails many elements that facilitate its working. The ICSinvolves an Emergency Operations Center, which is a demand commandcenter, where information is collected and utilized by the IncidentCommander and staff and the center of communications of requests anddirections for emergency response staff.

ICSoffers a wide variety of incident management functions and hazardscenarios. It ensures this by including a standard and broadterminology based on organizational functions, resource descriptionsand incident facilities. The system has developed a way throughmanagement by objectives, involving documenting results to determineperformance and offer corrective solutions.

Thedesign of ICS allows for the involvement of technical specialists.These specialists have expertise in their field of operation and arecalled to work when needed. They have to be certified, professionals.The specialist may serve anywhere in the organization wheneveractivated to a terror response. It also suffices to introduce thesupply unit of the system. This group deals with the supply ofresources, from labor supplies to any other incident relatedresource.

Thissystem was developed to provide procedures, structures and the basisfor quick and prompt response to a terror attack or any otherhazardous affliction. It is a compilation of all means to counteractand apprehend the effects of an attack to minimize the immense lossof life and the environment.

Destruction,in this case, which is caused by an act of terror has a severe effecton life and the environment within which the attack is staged. It,therefore, requires a quick response, which the ICS offerssatisfactorily. ICS plays a significant role in providing an instantand long-term solution to the impact of terrorism.

ICSprovides for a finance administration section, which manages anddetermines the amount of funds needed for the incident activities.American Red Cross as an agency uses the ICS to conduct itsfunctions.

Theacts of terrorism could be caused by weapons of mass destruction-such as nuclear weapons and biological inventions. These weapons havethe capacity to erase all life without leaving a trace of existence.In other words, their application may result in widespread deaths orupon a surviving victim, may cause diseases such as those that havenever been witnessed. The use of such weaponry is an act of terrorbecause it is for sure meant to kill all life. Even in thesesituations, there is a system laid to give assistance to victims andto try and assuage the adverse effects brought about by the use ofthe weapons of mass destruction. This system is applied by thedifferent agencies that are mandated to answer the calls of rescuefrom such situations or those that volunteer to help victims. Theseorganizations give medical assistance to surviving victims and offershelter and food to those who have access to none.

Usually,after the occurrence of a terror attack, lives are lost and yet somesurvive that are within the target area. As a result, emergencypreparedness responders rush to the scene to manage the situation toprevent further loss and rescue from death the survivors. Hence, itis required that these responders have knowledge of how to handlepatients in such cases to avoid the risk of spread of the instrumentof attack or contamination that would further cause deaths (Wiesner,2016). Patients have to be assessed before being taken to the nearestmedical centers. Some patients will require first aid treatmentbefore they are handed over to the hospital. Patient assessment isconducted to ascertain the mental or physical status of the patient.It allows the aid givers to determine the level of priority (Wiesner,2016).

Thetreatment protocol requires that in the case of an attack by anyweapon of mass destruction, aid workers have to ensure the scenesafety. After that, remove patients from the hazardous areas, thenbegin primary treatment before continuing with secondary treatment.They are to assess the signs and symptoms that could be threatening.These activities must be carried out by specialized persons, who areapproved to perform such operations (Wiesner, 2016).


Wiesner,T. (2016). Just-in-time learning is effective in helping firstresponders manage weapons of mass destruction events. TheJournal Of Emergency Medicine,50(4),704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.02.013