Sexuallytransmitted infections have become a major problem in the currentsociety, and when a patient fails to be diagnosed and treated intime, it may lead to some serious complications, such as infertility,fetal wastage, anogenital cancer, ectopic pregnancy, and prematuredeath [ CITATION Fra01 l 1033 ].
ADifferential Diagnosis for the Patient in the Case Study
Sincethe patient has shown signs and symptoms suggesting that she has anSTI, she can go for laboratory tests that can be used to identify thecause and detect co-infections that she might have contracted. Thepatient should consider a different diagnosis since her gynecologicexam showed normal results [ CITATION Jul06 l 1033 ].
MostLikely Diagnosis for the Patient
Themost likely diagnosis and treatment plan for the patient wouldinclude a range of three tests blood samples, urine samples, andfluid samples. The blood test is used to confirm whether the patienthas early symptoms of HIV or whether they have later stages ofsyphilis. A urine sample is used to confirm some STIs that cannot beconfirmed using a blood test. Fluid samples are effective,especially, when diagnosing women. Fluid sample testing seems to bethe perfect diagnosis for the patient, in this case study, since shehad symptoms, like non- tender sores and maculopapular lesions on hertrunk, neck, palms, and soles of her feet [ CITATION Raw02 l 1033 ].
Treatmentand Management Plan for the Patient
Thetreatment and management plans for patients with STIs depend onwhether they are caused by bacteria or viral infections. BacterialSTIs are easier to treat than viral infections since, in most cases,viral infections can only be managed and not cured. From the symptomsportrayed by the patient, show that she has a bacterial STI, whichcan be cured using antibiotics
Strategiesfor Educating Patients on the Treatment and Management of STIs
Allpatients should be given appropriate information regarding theprevention and recognition of STIs so that they can be able torecognize them. Such a strategy is effective in making sure that thepatients can seek medical advice in time. The second strategyinvolves helping the patients understand that they should seekmedical advice as soon as they notice the symptoms so as to bediagnosed and given proper treatment. Treatment and managementstrategies help the patient to understand that they should follow upwith medications such as antibiotics and anti-viral drugs [ CITATION Sha02 l 1033 ].
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Walmsley, S. (2002). Can Structured Treatment Interruptions (STIs) Be Used as a Strategy to Decrease Total Drug Requirements and Toxicity in HIV Infection? . Sage , 95-103.