Responseto Discussion Posts
Responseto Discussion Posts
Response1: Health determinants of childhood obesity
Thearticle provides a discussion of the health determinants of childhoodobesity. Given that the number of children suffering from obesity hasbeen increasing with time, one would ask, what could be the key riskfactors leading to this health trend? I agree with the author of thearticle that the prevalence of childhood obesity has been on theincrease, in spite of the measures taken to contain it. This has beenproven by a study showing that childhood obesity has more thandoubled since 1980, which is attributed to an increase in consumptionof excess calories (National Collaboration on Childhood ObesityResearch, 2015). Although I agree with the author that the fivedeterminants of health affect the prevalence rate of childhoodobesity, I believe that four of them (including individual behavior,social environment, physical environment, and genetics) are the keyrisk factors for obesity among children. For example, a study of5,000 families with twins indicated that genetic predispositionaccounts for about 77 % of all cases of BMI variation (Garraham &Eichner, 2013). This implies that genetic predisposition results inmore than half of all cases of childhood obesity, while the socialenvironment, physical environment, and poor eating behaviorfacilitate genetic expression in favor of childhood obesity.
Garraham,M. & Eichner, A. (2013). Tipping the scale: A place for childhoodobesity in the evolving legal framework of child abuse and neglect.YaleJournal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics,12 (2), 338-369.
NationalCollaboration on Childhood Obesity Research (2015). Childhoodobesity in the United States.Washington, DC: NCCOR.
Response2: Population group minority women
Thearticle posted by Gilma Rivas address the issue of thedisproportionate prevalence of heart diseases among the blackAmerican women. It is normal to find a slightly higher prevalence ofa given disease in certain groups, but one would ask, why do heartdiseases affect black women more than the white women? I agree withRivas that the leading causes of the high prevalence of the heartdisease among the African American women include the lack ofawareness and resources. According to American Heart Association(2015) about 44 % of women of color are unaware about the risk ofsuffering from heart diseases, which leads to 25 % higher death rateamong the women of color than the white women. Poverty among theblack women denies them the opportunity to access quality healthcare, even if they are diagnosed with heart diseases at an earlystage. Although I concur with Rivas that the health care providershave a role to play in enhancing the primary care of the women ofcolor, studies show that the lack of awareness extends to health careprofessionals who are expected to assist the affected women (AHA,2015). Therefore, the process of increasing awareness about the riskof heart diseases should start with the health care providers.
AmericanHeart Association (2015). Cardiovasculardisease: Women’s no. 1 health threat.Washington, DC: AHA.