Researchon Hispanic Country
Theethnic groups found in Mexico include: Nahua = 43%, Maya=17%,Zapotecs=15.3%, Mixtecs=13%, Totonacs=10.6% and Purepechas=2.1%(Spring 16).These are the communities which migrated to the USA and becamecitizens of America include Otomi=13%, Totonac=9%, and Maya=7.5%(Spring 25). USA is considered as a melting pot because over a long time it hasbeen welcoming people from different countries, religions, and races.These people migrate to the USA with the hope of finding newopportunities, freedom, and good life (Spring2).
Mexico’sliteracy level lies at ninety-four percent. The men are more educatedwhen compared to women in the country. This is higher compared tothat in the United States of America. The literacy level in the USAlies at ninety three percent of the total population.
Governmentcomparison between Mexico and U.S.A
Thegovernment leader of Mexico is a president who is the commander ofthe armed forces. The current president is called Enrique Pena Nieto.The ruling party in the country is Institutional Revolutionary Partywhich has been in power for seventy-one years. The party has beliefsof conservative on issues of sociology and it is friendly to allforeign members. Mexico has three main political parties and manysmall parties which are not recognized by the majority of thepopulation in the country. The citizens are required to possessgovernment identification cards in order to vote during federalelections. The president serves for a term of six years before thenext election. The force in political scenes needs opposition partiesto put the ruling government on the sport on many issues such ascorruption, insecurity and budget allocation. In Mexico, thegovernment is a federal republic while in the United States thegovernment is constitution based republic which beliefs in atradition of strong democracy. The differences are that the USA has acommon law which is based on English law at the federal level whilein Mexico there is the system of civil law(Spring 256).
Currently,Mexico is facing numerous economic challenges which need to be solvedfor a stronger economy. Some of these problems include first, thecountry faces stiff competition from low-cost manufacturersespecially after it became the second largest trading partner ofUnited States. Secondly, a high cost of Chinese labor and lowproduction cost are making it extremely hard for the country topreserve its share of global market. Finally, the oil reserves inMexico which used to contribute about 40% of the country’sgovernment budget have significantly declined leaving the countrywithout a reliable source of income (Spring106).
Similarly,the United States is also facing many economic challenges which haveremained unsolved up to date. First, the country no longer producesenough to sustain its population. Such is evident because the countryis currently importing more than what it is exporting to the globalmarket(Spring 19).Furthermore, U.S.A is also selling some of its assets to settle itsexternal huge debts to sustain the standard of living which it cannotcurrently afford hence affecting its negatively economy. Secondly,the domestic cost has over the years raised the internal costsignificantly. In addition, high domestic cost and globalizationpolicies have caused the country control in global trade. Under suchglobal policies, it is has become impossible for manufacturers inAmerican to compete with those in third world nations where laborswork for longer hours hence the nation is losing millions of dollars(Spring 76).Finally, the recent direction of the United States to promoteeconomic growth and open markets abroad is causing collapsing ofdomestic industries and re-balancing trade account of America.Furthermore, such has caused dismantling and disbarment of localindustries making them lack capacity and knowledge to facilitateself-sustaining production.
Whenthe two countries are compared, it is realized that America’seconomy is suffering mostly from the country’s emphases on globalpolicies and needs for an open capital market. Contrary, Mexico’seconomy suffers more from lack of strong internal policies on thelabor market and economic development(Spring 105).However, the two countries are facing almost similar economicchallenges which are mostly caused by the globalization of capitalmarket. Nevertheless, these two nations have similar relativestrengths since they have large external market and they controlglobal economic policies hence influencing world market price.However, the two countries have a similar relative weakness as theyhave been left with massive debts due to their concentration on theexternal market.
Overthe year, Mexico has undergone tremendous change in traditions andcustoms however, its colorful and fascinating history is stillinfluencing Mexico’s customs. Some traditions and customs which arestill celebrated in this country include the following:
Traditionalmusic- this forms essential part of the Mexico’s customs and givesthe state identity. The sound of Mariachi, which originates fromJalisco state, is highly celebrated in the country (Spring15).Moreover, a traditional wedding where groom gives thirteen gold coinsto bride also forms important custom and tradition in Mexico whichrepresents Jesus Christ and his disciple, symbolizing ability of thebride to take good care of his wife. Additionally, Mexican celebratesThe Day of Dead twice every year to honor the deceased. This dayprovides an opportunity for relatives and families to visit thegraves of their loved ones to offer gifts and pray for their souls.Cinco De Mayo is another important culture celebrated in Mexico,which remains the people about the victory of the country in thebattle of Puebla over France in 1992 (Spring65).
Whenthe customs of Mexico are compared with those of the United States,some of customs and traditions are found to be celebrated in bothnations. Such traditions include The Day of the Dead, The weddingceremony, among others which are celebrated more or less the same,with many similarities such as the numbers of guest invited and afterwedding ceremonies (Spring55).However, many differences are also present such as how the brideprice is paid and value of marriage institutions. These customs andtraditions are essential in both countries as they bring peopletogether hence promoting cohesion and integration in the society.Further, the events portray the diversity and uniqueness ofindividuals present in these two countries.
Mexicohas a variety of native foods such as beans, tomatoes, chili peppersand corn, along with rice that was introduced by Spanish. Europeanare known to have introduced a variety of food especiallydomesticated animal meats including those from goat, beef, sheep,pork and chicken, various spices and herbs and dairy products. Inaddition, Mexican diet was influenced greatly by Asian and Africanduring slave trade leading to a mix-up in food and cooking.Additionally, Spanish also tried to enforce their diet furthercausing more mixture in food, and the local communities have a broadrange of foods (Spring45).
Mexicoas has been strongly defined by its global market policies which haveenabled the country to influence global market prices. Moreover, itslarge reserves of oil, especially during the 1970s, placed thecountry on unique position allowing it to have a say in the globalprice of oil. The country has continued to influence significantlyglobal price of different communities in the world’s marketeconomy. Mexico’s economy actually as similar controls like that ofthe United States and the two nations have high influence in globalpolicies (Spring103).Lastly, both countries have concentrated much on globalization andopen market which are negatively affecting their economy.
Spring,Joel. Deculturalizationand the struggle for equality: A brief history of the education of dominated cultures in the United States.Routledge, 2016 (1-256).