REPORT MEMO 1
The deteriorating nature of the environment has invoked the attentionof key stakeholders who have exploited their influence to compelvarious countries to adopt sustainable measures. The World Commissionon Environment and Development (WCED), formerly known as theBrundtland Commission, released a report of the state and challengesmauling conservation efforts.
First, there is a vexation on the negative trend of the size offorest covers, especially, in the developing countries. On average, 6million hectares of productive dry land turns into deserts every year(World Commission on Environment and Development, n.d). Additionally,developers and farmers cut down nine million hectares of forestannually, mostly in the name of expanding agriculture (WorldCommission on Environment and Development, n.d). Nonetheless, theymostly establish low-grade farms with low production. The challengehas exacerbated the temperatures leading to drastic climatic changes.As the commission observes, some parts of Europe experience acidprecipitation that destroys the soil, making it non-productive (WorldCommission on Environment and Development, n.d). The inability of theindividual countries to reverse the trend of losing vegetation raisesalarm.
Secondly, it is onerous to unyoke development and environmentalconcerns. Economic progression efforts have been major causes of lossof biodiversity. Parties eliminating the vegetation cover are doingso in the name of financial emancipation. First world countries withnumerous industries contribute immensely to the greenhouse effect(World Commission on Environment and Development, n.d). Conversely,poorly developed countries lead in destroying their surroundingswhile trying to make ends meet. It is, therefore, a challenge toseparate development and the environment. However, sustainableexploitation of biodiversity can lead a mutual co-existence (WorldCommission on Environment and Development, n.d). However, to achievethe standards, the responsibility should shift from the internationalcommunity to the individual countries.
In conclusion, loss of vegetation and the inability of exploiting theenvironmental sustainably are major problems cited by the WCED. Theworld continues to lose millions of hectares of forest cover everyyear, which in turn inflames global warming. In addition, the failureto enforce sustainable development results in poor utilization of theavailable resources.
World Commission on Environment and Development. (n.d). Our commonfuture, from one earth to one world. A/42/427. Web. Retrieved fromhttp://www.un-documents.net/ocf-ov.htm