Readings about the Social Animal

READINGS ABOUT THE SOCIAL ANIMAL 7

Readingsabout the Social Animal

Readingsabout the Social Animal

Socialanimals entail those animals that tend to have a significant level ofinteraction with each other making them have some distinct socialcharacteristics. Such animals typically tend emanate from the samespecies. Elephants, monkeys Gorillas are some example of socialanimals. In such a family, there is a father, mother, and offspring.Each family member tends to have some specific roles to perform. Forexample, male species tend to provide security to the household andin the case of an attack, they can retaliate. On the other hand, thefemale species are responsible for providing food, care, and love tothe off springs. Just like human beings, social animals’ female andmale species interact together and mate while offspring’s and theirmother bond together (Shoemaker, 2014). Therefore, the study focuseson selecting the three research experiment readings on social animalsand finding out where the author did the study, what they did, whatthey found and applying those findings to the real world

Reading1: Elephants

Thefirst experimental reading I have selected was carried out by Hackerand Millers in 2015. The researchers wanted to investigate therelationship among social animals. The Global positioning system wasutilized as a tool for determining correlation in social animals,whereby African elephants were used to study their behaviors (Hacker,Horback, &amp Miller, 2015).

i).Why did the author/s do the study?

Theauthors did the study to find out the relationship among socialanimals such as African elephants. The author also wanted todetermine the effectiveness of using global positioning system as atool for determining the relationship among the socials animals. Thetool was initially used in the military field but it has not beenmade available to civilians and researchers for their studies(Hacker, Horback, &amp Miller, 2015).

Ii).What did they do?

Theresearchers selected eight elephants that live in San Diego Zoo inthe United States of America between the period span of ten years2009 and 2011. The researcher went further to collect coordinated forglobal position systems that could help them in carrying out theirexperiment successfully. They recorded the distance between theelephants for 24 hours each day. For example, the data for themorning, afternoon and evening were collected and recorded. Thecollected data was later utilized to compute both positive andnegative interaction rates between the social animals (elephants).The researchers also collected information directly from the SanDiego Zoo management staff on pairs of elephants that tend to showdominance and high proximity levels (Hacker, Horback, &amp Miller,2015).

Iii).Whatdid they find?

Theresearcher found that there was strong positive correlation bothbased on the data analyzed using Global Position System and San DiegoManagement Staff. A correlation for the morning data using GPS wasr=0.441, and a p-value of 0.020. On the other hand, correlation datafor the afternoon was found to be 0.474 with a p-value of 0.012(Hacker, Horback, &amp Miller, 2015).

Iv).Apply the findings to the real-world phenomenon

Thefinding may apply to the real world phenomena in that it indicatethat just like human being elephants have strong social interactionwith each other. The result also shows that Global Positioning Systemmay be used as a tool for conducting out research on animal socialbehaviors. It also indicates that the management staff should provideanimals with adequate room and support to promote their socialgrouping, which could consequently minimize their levels of stress.The studies also indicate that keeping animals together in theirrespective social grouping may help to eliminate aggressive attitudeamong the animals (Hacker, Horback, &amp Miller, 2015).

Reading2: Vervet Monkeys

McFarlandet al., 2014, put the second reading that has been selected. Theresearch topic done by McFarland involves behavioral flexibilityamong Monkeys (Vervet) in response to climate and social variability.The study indicates how exposure of monkeys to differentenvironmental conditions affects their levels of activity andbehaviors. The extent of their social activities and groupinteractions tend to be influenced by climate and prevailingtemperatures (McFarland et al, 2014).

i).Why did the author/s do the study?

Theauthors did the study because they were curious to know theflexibility in the behavior of Vervet Monkeys in response to socialand climatic changes. The authors aimed at finding out whethervariability in environmental, climatic condition has a direct impacton the activities of Vervet Monkeys (McFarland et al, 2014).

Ii).What did they do?

Theauthors examined whether the time spent by Vervet Monkey in feeding,mating, and resting could be determined using the temperatures at aparticular time when the activities took place (McFarland et al,2014).

Iii).Whatdid they find?

Thestudy findings indicated that most of the time that Vervet monkeyspent during the resting period there was high temperatures. Duringsuch seasons, the Monkeys spent more time resting rather thanfeeding. On the contrary, during cold seasons, most of the monkeysspent a considerable amount of time in feeding rather than resting.It was discovered that during mating season resting and feedingactivities among the Vervet monkeys was not affected by temperatures.The data results finding further showed that temperature has a directimpact on the level of activities among the animals and in particularamong the Vervet monkeys. During the time of temperature variations,such animals may become compromised both energetically and thermally.It implies that temperature difference has an impact on socialinteraction among the Vervet monkeys. However, animals tend to havethe ability to cope with variability in weather conditions (McFarlandet al, 2014).

Iv).Apply the findings to the real-world phenomenon

Thefindings may be applied to the real-world phenomena in planning andmanaging the ecosystem. It may help to understand the periods whendifferent activities among the animals are likely to occur and put upnecessary planning measures. For instance, the research findings mayhelp policies makers to take into account resource needs due toincreasing in animal population during certain seasons (McFarland etal., 2014).

Reading3: Gorillas

Thethird reading selected was focused on investigating the impact ofdifferent forms of environmental activities on activity and foraginglevels among the Gorillas. Charmoy and Miller conducted their studyto find out the behaviors of animals especially the Gorillas indifferent environments (Charmoy, Sullivan, &amp Miller, 2015).

i).Why did the author/s do the study?

Theauthors conducted the study to investigate how foraging and activitylevels among the Gorillas are affected by different environmentalenrichments. The authors compared the levels of activities amongthose Gorillas in the zoo and those in the wilderness (Charmoy,Sullivan, &amp Miller, 2015).

Ii).What did they do?

Threeadult female Gorillas from the lowland in the western sides wereselected. The Gorillas aged 26, 19 and 10 years. They were providedwith an indoor inhabitant. They were fed in the morning and duringthe mid-day. Other data was collected for those Gorillas that are inthe wilderness to find out their activity and foraging levels andcompared them with the ones in the zoo (Charmoy, Sullivan, &ampMiller, 2015).

Iii).Whatdid they find?

Itwas found that the level of activities and foraging was high amongthose gorillas in the wilderness as compared to those in the zoo.Those in the zoo were less active and could find more time forresting and socializing as compared to those in the wilderness.However. Those in the zoo lacked an opportunity to have a full socialinteraction with others animals given than they were constrained inthe zoo (Charmoy, Sullivan, &amp Miller, 2015).

Iv).Apply the findings to the real-world phenomenon

Theresult may be applied to the real world phenomena by indicating thatproviding welfare and enrichment to the animals give them time tosocialize and interact. Such animals may not have to spend a lot oftime looking for food. Such time may be used in carrying out othersocial and natural activities (Charmoy, Sullivan, &amp Miller,2015).

Conclusion

Basedon the study readings it can be observed that the three others didthe study to fulfill certain objective as discussed. Conclusively,the study readings indicate that elephants, monkeys, and gorillas aresocial animals, and their social interactions are affected by somefactors in the environment such as distance, temperature, seasons,foraging levels to mention just but a few.

References

Charmoy,K., Sullivan, T., &amp Miller, L. J. (2015). Impact of differentforms of environmental enrichment on foraging and activity levels ingorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). AnimalBehavior and Cognition,2(3),233-240.

Hacker,C. E., Horback, K. M., &amp Miller, L. J. (2015). GPS technology asa proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: Anexample with African elephants. AppliedAnimal Behavior Science,163,175-182.

McFarland,R., Barrett, L., Boner, R., Freeman, N. J., &amp Henzi, S. P.(2014). Behavioral flexibility of vervet monkeys in response toclimatic and social variability. Americanjournal of physical anthropology,154(3),357-364.

Shoemaker,D. (2014). The Selves of Social Animals: Comments on Gruen. TheSouthern Journal of Philosophy,52(S1),66-74.