Question 1 Analyzing the narrator in Joyce`s “Araby” epiphany and

Question1: Analyzing the narrator in Joyce`s &quotAraby&quot epiphany andreflecting the character`s inner conflict and his disappointingquest

Thisquote reflects the anger in the narrator’s inner conflicts as wellas his disappointing quest. The experiences of the narrator presenthim as a boy who had come of age. He was experiencing sexual desiresthat he perceived to be a result of his first love. He had strongfeelings towards Mangan’s sister, which he could not be able tocontrol as he fantasized about her all day. The author states that“Herimage accompanied me even in places the most hostile to romance”(Joyce 2). He was ecstatic when she spoke to him for the first time,until he offered to bring her something from the Bazaar (Joyce 3). Hehad the support of his aunt and his uncle. However, his uncle was tooffer him the money in the evening when was to come from work. Theanger and the disappointment that the narrator experiences asreflected in the quote is directed towards his uncle.

Eagerto go to the Bazaar and bring Mangan’s sister a gift, the narratoris depicted seated impatiently at home waiting for his uncle to gethome and give him the money. However, the uncle was very late and thereader is told that the passage of time angered the narrator (Joyce4). This expressed the anger and disappointment that he felt withinhimself as this was an important opportunity for him. His uncle waspossibly stalling negligently getting intoxicated in a pub andapparently indifferent of the narrator’s anguish.

Inaddition, the setting that has been depicted where the narrator livedcould also be reflected in the quote. The house has been highlightedto be of a musty smell with many old and useless objects just as themany houses in the narrator’s neighborhood (Joyce 2). This reflectsa life that the narrator lived that was characterized by stagnationand isolation. This means that the life of the character and that ofhis neighbors was characterized by high values but with very narrowviews. Therefore, the quote could reflect the narrator’s achingdesire to bring about change to that of his ideal world. He wasprobably disappointed with the life that he was made to live, due tohis situation (Norris 37).

Moreimportantly the quote reflects the narrator’s disappointment andanger after arriving at the Bazaar. It was extremely disappointing toarrive at his awakening and reality of the world that was around him(Norris 42). The narrator says that the ideal Bazaar that had been anoriental enchantment had suddenly stripped away all of his blindness.In this regard, he realizes that he was indeed alone and that bothhis love and life were an illusion. Araby was a symbolicrepresentation of the temple of love. But unlike the narrator’sexpectation, he had arrived late to an empty Bazaar that was dark(Norris 45). Therefore, the narrator is depicted as being a heartbroken adolescent boy with anger in his heart because of hisunfulfilled quest. In this case, love has been depicted as an emptyand fleeting flirtation.

Question2: How a new historicism approach can be used to help readersbetterunderstand &quotThe Yellow Wallpaper”

Thefirst approach that can help readers better understand “The YellowWallpaper” is changing the narrator’s voice from first person toperhaps second person. This is because much of what is happening inthe story as explained by the narrator seems unexplained anddistorted to the reader (Schorkhuber 8). The story is about a decentwoman who is undergoing a mental breakdown without the help of herhusband. This is despite the fact that her husband is a physician andis better placed to offer her the needed medical care towards herrecovery. Due to the isolation, the narrator’s medical conditiongets worse and her narration gets more distorted, which makes thereader to read with a critical eye.

Inaddition, there are mixed perceptions regarding the mad narrator’shusband, John. He is the physician who has prescribed total rest tohis sick wife. She is not allowed to do anything, including personalwriting. In this regard, the husband has been depicted as a personwho is only able to see his wife’s outside part disregarding herinner struggling pattern (Schorkhuber 11). Therefore, the story hasused a lot of irony when describing John, who has been depicted as anignorant villain in the story (Schorkhuber 12). Despite the fact thatJohn still cares and loves his wife, their physical and mentalconditions prevent them from having an equal relationship based onunderstanding. The wife states, “Hesaid I was his darling and all he had”(Stetson 652). Additionally, John has been depicted as a villainbecause he is to blame for the worsening mental condition that hiswife is going through. However, towards the end of the story, Johnfaints when discovers the deplorable state of his wife.

Newapproaches could also be applied in the approaches that revolvearound the yellow wallpaper (Schorkhuber 21). The reader gets manytheories from the narrator’s statements as she struggles with theyellow paper that gradually consumes her. The narrator shows thereader more complex images that emerge from the yellow paper havingdifferent patterns and designs as interpreted as by the mad narrator(Stetson 651). With a critical eye, the reader gets to understandthat the images depicted in the yellow paper could signify thenarrator’s outer being who is struggling. Consequently, morefigures are identified by the narrator and towards the end she makesreference to one particular woman figure that she refers to as Jane.In this regard, the reader gets many theories regarding who Janemight be and the real intentions of the author.


StetsonPerking Charlotte. TheYellow Wallpaper.New York. Little, Brown Book Company. 2004. Print.

JoyceJames. Araby:Short Story.Canada. Harper Collins Publishers. 2014. Print.

NorrisMargot. SuspiciousReadings of Joyce’s “Dubliners”.Pennsylvania. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2010. Print.

SchorkhuberVerena. CharlottePerkin Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” Analysis.London. GRIN Verlang Publishers. 2008. Print.