Descriptionand why it is a Quantitative Research
A quantitative research seeks to quantify a problem through thegeneration of numerical data that can be transformed to usefulstatistics. The research is used to quantify attitudes, opinions ordefined variables. Characteristics of Quantitative NursingResearch from 1990 to 2010 qualifies to be described as aquantitative research since it seeks to elaborate the different typesof research that have been conducted. It samples nursing researcharticles from the year 1990 to 2010 to describe the type of researchdone then and the transformations that the studies have undergonesince then.
This research was conducted by Yarcheski, Adela, and Noreen E. Mahon.The title given for the research was of Quantitative Nursing Researchfrom 1990 to 2010. It was published in the year 2013 under theJournal of Nursing Scholarship.
ResearchProblem and Purpose of the Study
The research was aimed at assessing the credentials of authors whohave undertaken quantitative research. Further, it seeks to elaboratethe specific disciplines most researchers focused on while conductingthe research. Also, it aims at highlighting the growth of knowledgeregarding nursing by assessing different research articles that werepublished from 1990 to 2010.
The research benefitted from preexisting knowledge drawn from studiesconducted by other scientists. The authors focused on the compositionof the research with the aim of understanding the theoreticalperspective taken by the researchers during the defined period.Notably, other authors had conducted research regarding a similaraspect. For example, Gady (2008) identifies nursing as beinginterdisciplinary. However, other researchers such as Barett (2002)and Fawcett (2000) state that nursing is a discipline-specificsubject. Such is a reflection of the available information theauthors of Characteristics of Quantitative Research from 1990 to2010, had regarding their study.
ResearchObjectives, Questions, and Hypothesis
The authorsidentified particular research questions they were aiming ataddressing. They were
What is the background information (author credentials, country of origin, and funding status) of the study and how has it changed from 1990 to 2010?
Who conducted the research and how has it changed from 1990 to 2010?
What disciplines are represented in the theoretical basis of research and have they changed from 1990 to 2010?
However, theresearchers did not stipulate the objectives or hypothesis of theresearch they were conducting.
The authors had a defined set of variables they were trying toillustrate. In the study, the focus was on three primary variables.They included credentials of the authors, disciplinary focus and thecomposition of the research teams. The three factors were beinganalyzed in research articles that had been sampled from 1990 to2010. The independent variables were the time when the research wasconducted while the dependent variables were the disciplinary focusof studies conducted by the researchers, author credentials, andcomposition of the research team.
The research was non-experimental. The rationale behind the choiceemanates from the fact that the research questions highlight about anon-causal statistical relationship. For example, despite the need tounderstand the authors and the type of a particular research, thereis no need to establish a causal relationship. Also, researchers lackthe ability to control or manipulate the variables but instead relyon the interpretation, interactions and observations while arrivingat the conclusion. For example, in the study, the focus is describingthe characteristics of nursing research conducted between 1990 and2010. Findings of the study would then be applied in arriving at theconclusion.
In gaining a broader understanding of the subject under study, theresearchers sampled four hundred and eighty-four research articlesand recorded information by use of a coding instrument. Findings ofthe study were recorded and employed in arriving at the conclusionsfor the same. Samples were selected from research articles publishedin Nursing Research, Western Journal of Nursing Research, and Journalof Advanced Nursing. In the journals, only papers written in theyears, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 were included (Yarcheski, &Mahon, 2013).
The researchers collected data by reading each of the four hundredand eighty-four papers that had been selected. They employed a codinginstrument to gain much information about the particular research.For example, the coding instrument contained sections such as thebackground of the study that included credentials of the author,country of origin, funding status of the study, composition anddiscipline of the research team. Finally, the coding instrumentcontained the section for theoretical basis of the study and itsdisciplinary focus.
Limitationsof the Study
Overall, the manner in which the study was conducted depicted muchprofessionalism. However, instances such as when the researcherscould argue on a particular research to decide on the section it canbe categorized could provide room for bias. The argument could bebiased, and the most convincing thoughts would be recorded. Such amove could affect the credibility of the study. Also, researchersopted to exclude journals that they perceived failed to meet theidentified criterion (Yarcheski, & Mahon, 2013).
Researchers concluded that quantitative research could be categorizedas being multidisciplinary rather than discipline-specific. Also, itwas concluded that interdisciplinary research has not extensivelybeen conducted.
Barrett, E. A. M.(2002). What is nursing science? Nursing Science Quarterly, 15,51-60.
Fawcett, J. (2000a).But is it nursing research? [Editorial]. Western Journal of NursingResearch,
Grady, P. A. (2008).Interdisciplinary research at NIH and N1NR. Nursing Outlook, 56, 275-
Yarcheski, A., &Mahon, N. E. (2013). Characteristics of quantitative nursing researchfrom
1990 to 2010. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 45(4),405-411.