MethodologicalIssues unique to Psychological Research
Psychologicalresearch has specific methodological issues that are important for aresearcher to consider while undertaking any research in the field ofpsychology. The degree at which a researcher manipulates themethodological tools to correct the emphasis on the need of factfinding in the field is significant. Therefore for any research to besuccessful a researcher needs to consider the conditions that definethe contemporary social science. In order to deliver scientificallyvalid and reliable results of any studies in the psychology field,there is the need to make sure that the results are not open to manyinterpretations and should not lack in scientific objectivity.
Theother methodological issue in psychological research is the conflictssurrounding the quality and quantity issues and the essential sciencequestion in Psychology. There are issues surrounding the causes andbehaviors to meaningful reality and intentional acts. The sciencethat leads the social practice is also in question by manyresearchers in psychology. Whereas we appreciate fact research inpsychology is fast growing, researchers are working hard to ensurethat they unravel the alternative ways of consulting the reality(Brendtro & Mitchell, 2010).
AccordingtoBohart (2005), thequestion of data driven or theory lead research is also a key topicthat should not get overlooked by researchers in the field. Many ofthe psychologist question the authenticity of the theory led researchsince they think that the findings tend to lack a driving force bythe scientific objectivity in the situation on the ground. Moreover,there are others who question the authenticity of the data drivenresearch. Pope,Ziebland & Mays (2000) argue that manypeople are not cognizant to the fact that there is the need of theresearcher to ensure that they find ways of amicably integratingqualitative and quantitative methods during the data collection andanalysis process.
Othercontemporary issues or challenges in psychological research are theneed to accommodate epistological and ontological diversity in theprocess of conducting research. Research in Psychology may also getblinded by the dominant metaphors which may alter the researchfindings. In addition, negotiating with the interpretative authorityand the criteria for research rigor or quality may be issues inpsychological research.
Accordingto the article Evidence Based Practice is the incorporation of apatient or clients, clinical expertise, valuesand the best research evidence into the process of decision making.The article further illustrates the clinical expertise aspractitioner cumulated education, clinical skills and experience.Evidence Based practice originates from rigorous scientific research.
Accordingto Babione,(2010), Practicebased evidence is one of the traditional or native origins ofpractices that result from the accumulation of trial and error,experience and authority. The practice gets perfected by means ofpractice such as apprenticeship. Some of the controversiessurrounding the evidence based practice and practice based practiceinclude which of the two is more convenient in the psychologytreatment. According to the articles, there is a reasoning thatevidence based practice is better than the practice based evidencesince it gets based on scientific reasoning. On the other hand, someargue that practice based evidence makes the practice more rigid. Theargument behind such controversy is the rigidity of practice basedevidence since many people cannot figure out alternative ways ofdoing thing things other than what got learnt during practice.
PracticeBased Evidence and Evidence Based practice play a critical role inequipping practitioners with that helps them decision making onmatters relating to mental health treatment. Evidence Based Practisemakes a practitioner to understand the science behind any practiseand therefore be able to provide a reasonable rationale behind anycourse of management. A person may also be in a position to alter themanagement regimen depending on the patient response to the treatmentrather than just on the practise (Hunsley, Dobson, Johnston &Mikail, 1999).
Accordingto the APA Presidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice, (2006)it suggests that in evidence based practice, practitioners shouldappraise the information in the clinical practise so as to ensurethat they provide optimal care to the patients. Practise basedevidence provides essential components that get embedded in theformulation of evidence based practise. Therefore, the two augmenteach other for the benefit of providing valuable information to thepractitioners when making decisions about appropriate that should getgiven to a patient with a mental problem. The practitioners shouldalso ensure that they utilise the evidence based practise to protectthe patients and help them have the best outcomes without exposingthem to any risk.
Thedisorder in the DSM- 5 is the Schizophrenia. The treatment of themental problem encompasses the integration of the psychosocial,medical and psychological input. In addition, the majority of carethat gets provided to schizophrenic patients gets provided in theoutpatient setting and involves a multidisciplinary team (Dozois,2012). The administration of antipsychotics, tranquilizers ornarcoleptics medication may treat Schizophrenia. Counselling therapyis also needed for the effectiveness of the approaches given as aremedy for schizophrenia (Myhr & Payne, 2006). According to theCATIE (Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness)study revealed that the second generation drugs, especiallyOlanzapine as more effective than first generation drugsPerphenazine.
APAPresidential Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice. (2006).Evidence-based practice in psychology. American Psychologist, 61(4),271-285.
Babione,J. M. (2010). Evidence-based practice in psychology: An ethicalframework for graduate education, clinical training, and maintainingprofessional competence. Ethics & Behaviour, 20, 443–453. Doi:10.1080/ 10508422.2010.521446
Brendtro,L., & Mitchell, M. (2010). Weighing the evidence: From chaos toconsilience. Reclaiming Children and Youth, 19(2), 3-9.
Bohart,A. C. (2005). Evidence-based psychotherapy means evidence informed,not evidence-driven. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 35,39–53. Doi: 10.1007/s10879-005-0802-8.
Dozois,D. J. (2012). Psychological Treatments: Putting Evidence intoPractice and Practice into Evidence. Canadian PsychologicalAssociation. vol. 54, No. 1, 1–1
Hunsley,J., Dobson, K. S., Johnston, C., & Mikail, S. F. (1999). Thescience and practice of empirically supported treatments. CanadianPsychology/Psychologie canadienne, 40, 316–319. doi:10.1037/h0086849
Myhr,G., & Payne, K. (2006). Cost-effectiveness of cognitivebehavioural therapy for mental disorders: Implications for publichealth care funding policy in Canada. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry/ Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 51, 662–670.
Pope,C., Ziebland, S., & Mays, N. (2000). Qualitative research inhealth care: Analyzing qualitative data. British Medical Journal,320, 114–116.