Professional Roles and Values Part A

ProfessionalRoles and Values


Aboard of nursing is a governmental agency which is responsible forregulating the practices within the nursing profession (NationalCouncil of State Boards of Nursing, 2014). The primary aim of theboard of nursing is to protect the health and welfare of the publicby facilitating the delivery of safe services through recommendedpractices. Therefore, one of the most important functions undertakenby board of nurses (BONs) includes developing guidelines andstandards to be followed when delivering nursing services to thepublic (National Council of State Boards of Nursing, 2014). BONs alsohave an important function of ensuring that those who are practicingnursing have met the minimum possible requirements for deliveringsafe and recommended services to the public. BONs further follow upon the licenses they issue to ascertain that their holders are indeed following recommended guidelines and adhering to nursingpractice standards pertaining to the delivery of safe healthcareservices to the public.

Onthe other hand, professional nursing organizations, such as theAmerican Nurses Association (ANA), advocate and represent all thenurses in a state (Matthews, 2012). Such organizations ensure thatthere is a continued supply of qualified nurses. They also ensurethat there is a continued education and training of existing nursesto enhance the delivery of quality and recommended services to thepublic. Other than that, professional nursing organizations advocatesfor the welfare of nurses by promoting a positive image of thenursing profession in the society, as well as pushing the governmenttowards meeting the economic and general welfare of nurses both atwork and home so as to enhance the delivery of quality services(Matthews, 2012). Such organizations also lobby for support fromother agencies to support the processes of meeting the needs ofnurses. In general, while BONs focuses on regulating the nursingpractice with the aim of enhancing public safety, professionalnursing organizations focuses on advocating for the welfare of nurseto enable them meet the standards laid down by BONs.


Provisionone of the ANA Code of Ethics states that Thenurse, in all professional relationships, practices with compassionand respect for the inherent dignity, worth and uniqueness of everyindividual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economicstatus, personal attributes or the nature of health problems”(Lachman, 2009, p. 55). According to this provision, nurses ought totreat other people the same way they would want to be treated. Theimplication of this provision in my nursing practice is that it laysa basic, yet important foundation where my nursing practice is built.It directs me to respect every human being regardless of theirbackground. Respecting everyone implies providing best serviceswithout partiality. An example of the application of this provisioncan be assessed in the context of different races accessinghealthcare. In as much as the contemporary society is divided alongracial lines, a nurse should not be caught up in this socialdisorganization. Therefore, I discharge the same nursing services topeople irrespective of their races.

Provisiontwo of the codes of ethics states that “Thenurse’s primary commitment is to the patient, whether anindividual, family, group, community, or population” (Lachman,2009, p. 56).Thisprovision influences my nursing practice because it directs me as anurse to be open-minded and holistic in my approach to nursingpractice. For instance, the modern society entails people fromdifferent religious, cultural, racial, and economic backgrounds.Theses diversities dictate how nurses discharge their duties in thesociety. The scope of nursing services varies from one individual toanother depending on their diversities. For instance, attending toAboriginal people require a nurse to be culturally sensitive, andunderstand how the culture of Aboriginal people influences theirhealth, including their perception of healthcare. Understanding theseissues facilitates a comprehensive and conclusive delivery of highquality medical services.


Thefour traits picked from the provisions in the code of ethics includecompassion, open-mindedness, integrity, and trustworthiness. The bestway of bringing the identified professional traits to aninterdisciplinary team is through inter-professional education andtrainings. This model provides an approach of developing futurehealthcare students as inter-professional team members. In thiscontext, I would be able to demonstrate that a sense of compassiondemonstrates that a nurse is, first and foremost, a human being, andshould act compassionately towards others. I would also explain toothers that open-mindedness is prerequisite to successful healthcareoutcomes. For instance, the scope of healthcare has become holisticover a period of time. Nurses should be able to understand thatnursing is not just about treatment, but understanding how factorssuch as culture influence the outcome of healthcare. Integrity iscrucial for adhering to the BON standards and guidelines. Lastly,trustworthiness is necessary for facilitating the trust betweenpatients and healthcare givers.


Thenursing theory that has influenced my nursing practice is Deontology. The theory of deontology asserts that the appropriateness of anaction depends on whether a person followed the rules governing suchan action (Kelly, 2009). This theory fits my nursing practice becauseI view the profession as a strictly guided and highly standardized.For instance majority of the nature of diseases are predetermined andtreatment guidelines are developed for them. Any slight variationfrom the guidelines and standards of operations may result in medicalerrors, thus further complicating the lives of patients under care.The theory of deontology ensures that nurses follow the strictly laidguidelines to enhance healthcare results.


FlorenceNightingale impacted my professional practice because she redefinednursing. She demonstrated the sense of compassion necessary forenhancing the quality of healthcare outcomes in the contemporaryhealthcare sector today. She was known for giving high qualityservices, including sanitizing medical equipment, and going around atnight to ascertain that the wounded soldiers were fine. Her actionsdemonstrated compassion as a crucial factor in enhancing the qualityof healthcare. Today, I believe that compassion is the fundamentalbasis of healthcare. Through compassion, nurses are likely to betrustworthy and respectful of others while discharging their duties.


Beneficencerefers to a case where a nurse performs a specific task for thebenefit of a patient. A hypothetical case involving beneficenceincludes making rounds in a ward outside the scheduled time. Makingsuch rounds would prevent surprises, and ensure minimize preventabledeaths of patients. Another case involves verifying the identity ofdrugs before administration to ensue that the right drugs are givento patients, thus preventing medical errors.

Justiceentails being fair and provide equal services to everyone regardlessof their statuses. A hypothetical case involves providing the samehealthcare services to people of low socioeconomic status and peopleof high socioeconomic status in the community. It can also involvebeing impartial when attending to the medical needs of both Blacksand Whites in a medical facility.


Kelly,P. (2012). Nursingleadership &amp management.Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning.

Lachman,V. D. (2009). Practical use of the nursing Code of Ethics: part I.MedSurgNursing,18(3),191.

Matthews,J. (2012). Role of professional organizations in advocating for thenursing profession. OnlineJ Issues Nurs,17(3).

NationalCouncil of State Boards of Nursing. (2014). Boards &amp Regulation |NCSBN. Retrieved June 14, 2016, from