Pig’sPhysical Characteristics, Habitat and Behavior, Human Similarities
Domesticpigs have been deemed important by humans due to the benefits thatthey bring. For instance, pigs can be sold to provide humans withresources that can be challenged to other uses. Pigs and humans havethe same genome. In this assignment, characteristics, uses, habitatsand behavior of domestic pigs will be discussed. Also, pig’s humansimilarities will be discussed.
Thedomestic pig has different physical characteristics. The appearanceof the domestic pig has shaggy, coarse black or brown fur that isheavy on the back and shoulders but scant on the belly. Its hide issubstantial, dark brown, as well as leathery. Also, it has a thin,short tail that hangs just to the hocks. The domestic pig possesses awonderful sense of smell and is usually sensitive to changes inclimate. It is possible to find domestic pigs almost any place, wherethere are people. The pigs are considered lazy and greedy (Allysse1). The sows are highly dangerous the moment they have young littersthis makes them be housed separately. The domestic pig eats almostanything from household scraps to plants and even fish (Allysse 1).Domestic pigs are usually fed with feed that is made from wheat,corn, barley or soy. Also, they can be fed on fruit rinds, vegetablepeels, and food leftovers. In the case of mating, the domestic pig isconsidered to mate for life. A sow can have litters of around 6-8piglets, but this may increase when there are optimal conditions. Thepiglets have a fast-growth and mature within four-five months. Sowshave the capacity of giving birth twice a year. During the time ofbirth, piglets weigh approximately 2.5 lbs.
Pigsare important when it comes to their use. In the medical industry,pigs are considered significant since their hearts are used asreplacements for human hearts. Besides, according to the OklahomaState University, insulin, and approximately 40 other medicines canbe made from pigs. Pigs are also used for bacon. Furthermore, theskin is utilized for inexpensive belts, shoes, and gloves. Theintestines are utilized in the making of sausage casings while thehair is used in making paintbrushes.
Accordingto the Encyclopedia of Life, pigs, boars and hogs are found all overthe globe, except for Antarctica, Australia, far northern Eurasia andnorthern Africa. For instance, the red river hogs are found inAfrica Visayan warty pigs are found in the Philippines while pigdeer are found in Indonesia (Alina 1).
Thepigs are considered to be very social. Pigs communicate withdifferent squeaks and grunts a short grunt, a longer growl as wellas a loud roar can warn other pigs of an approaching danger (Alina1). The main defense for pigs is speed however, when cornered, theirtusks can turn out to be formidable weapons. The tusks of the pig canbecome elongated to about 3 inches, and are razor sharp.
Pigs’Similarities to Human
Researchershave indicated that domestic pigs have the ability to learn howmirrors work, and can use their understanding of the reflected imagesto compass their surroundings and locate their food (Natalie 1).Also, researchers have indicated that pigs have the capacity ofremembering where food stores are cached and the size of each stashrelative to others. Pigs have the ability to learn a new routine, andcan do different tricks such as opening and closing cages, rollingout rugs, bowing and standing, and spinning among others. Moreover,the pig genome and the human genome compares favorably. The hearts ofthe pigs are like those of humans. Furthermore, pigs metabolize drugsin the same way as humans, and their teeth resemble those of humans(Natalie 1).
Theappearance of the domestic pig has shaggy, coarse black or brown furthat is heavy on the back and shoulders but scant on the belly. Thepig is sensitive to smell and climate. When it comes to diet, thedomestic pig can eat almost anything from vegetables to fish. Sincethe pig’s genome compares favorably to that of humans, pigs areseen to be similar to humans.
Alina,Bradford. Pigs,Hogs & Boars: Facts about Swine.Retrieved from livescience.com.
Allysse.TheDomestic Pig.Retrieved from Santharia.com.
Natalie,Angier. Pigsprove to be Smart, if not Vain.Retrieved from nytimes.com, 2009.