Religiousviews of Augustine, Aquinas and Southwell
Thereligious views that Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas and RobertSouthwell had, were a little different from those of reformedthinkers. The three men had very deep religious faith and were fullydedicated to their religions. One fact that differentiates thesethree men from other reformed thinkers is the fact that theirthinking was deeply personal in nature. For instance, Augustine ofHippo wrote Theconfessionsthat were three books long which emphasized on the need to embraceGod and abandon the life of sensuality and fault beliefs. Aquinas onthe other hand wrote the Summaof Theologicawhich was divided into three main parts. The three main parts wereGod, Ethics and Christ. This book employs a philosophical and logicperspective, which depicts on the need for humanity to seek God’sguidance for their actions. Sothwell’s works demonstrated the needof having a deeply religious belief that is personal and differentfrom other religions or institutions.
Thereligious views expressed by these three men were very risky at thattime where religious wars and violence was common. One of the reasonsthat religious wars were fought was to enact one supreme religionthat would dominate all others. Religious leaders at that time hadpolitical powers as many institutions played significant roles inpolitics. In this regard, there was a need of establishing onereligion that would ensure that power was centralized. Violencebecame part of this picture in an effort of demonstratingintimidation to alternative thinkers on religious issues. Theviolence ensured the continuity of having one common religiousinstitution.
Violencefits in with the Christian context mostly as demonstrated by earlyhistorical settlers. It is important to understand that religion ismostly a deeply personal conviction held by the believer. Therefore,many believers were ready to undergo persecutions and personal harmso as to demonstrate their personal faith. Additionally, manypolitical larders during those early periods used religion to playpolitics in a forceful manner. Violence became an ideal strategy thatwould ensure that the people obeyed and respected them.
PartB: Responses to peers’ work
Responseto Amanda Rossol
Iagree with your article which implies that Augustine of Hippo, ThomasAquinas and Robert Southwell did not seek to change religion. This isa different trait that is not normally embraced by other reformedthinkers whose ultimate goal is to bring out changes. The three menhave very high regards for God whom they accord great respect asdepicted by their writings. In addition, you article mentions thatthe three men displayed the importance of obeying God’s commandsinstead of trying to understand Him. In this regard, they regard Godas a mystical Being and there are no direct answers to many questionsthat believers have.
Responseto Emily Krieger
Iagree with your explanation on the key differences between earlyreformers and religious clergy. I think you are on point. It is verytrue that since religion was a highly placed institution in thosetimes, religious leaders were as a result very much respected. Thescriptures played a very important role in the lives of the people asmost land laws were drawn from them. In addition, your articleclearly points out the many disagreements that arise as a result ofreligion practiced with politics. Land laws dictated how every personwas supposed to worship and what religious institution to attend.This took away personal freedoms of many people who had differentreligious beliefs and caused violence.