Thepolicy of one child does not apply equally to all people in China.The law is mostly applied to the poor in the community while the richpeople can manage to escape the punishment. An example is where ZhangYimou was not punished though he had seven children with differentfour women. While if a woman got pregnant exceeding the number ofchildren which the law had stated would face forced abortion. Thiswould happen if she was unable to pay the hefty fine which had beenimposed by the government.
Dueto the harsh rules which have been put in place by the government ofChina, village officers keep on checking the menstrual cycle of everygirl. If by accident one gets pregnant without the governmentpermission, she would be fined or forced to abort. The application ofthis harsh law can be confirmed by the data which was released by theHealth Ministry of China in nineteen seventy-one. The data showedthat the cases of abortion committed were three hundred andthirty-six million while two hundred and twenty-two million caseswere those of sterilizations. Though the policy of one child wasintroduced in nineteen seventy-nine, there were laws which were lessstringent for family planning.
Thesehorrendous laws forced some women to migrate to nearby provinces togive birth to the second or third child who was not allowed by thelaw. It was confirmed by fugitives of family planning who were inRamshackle (Ebenstein,2010).
Almostevery woman in the country has suffered a forced abortion. Thishappened usually when the woman was unable to pay the required fineof three thousand two hundred dollars. When she was unable to pay therequired amount the officers dragged her into a clinic found in thelocal area. She was injected with a drug which was lethal in herabdomen after she was bound to a surgical rectangular table. Thewomen underwent the ordeal for two days while being tied with a roperound her body. A male doctor bravely pulled the murdered baby into agarbage collecting container.
Thisincreased mistreatment of women in China has increased the cases ofwomen committing suicide. According to a survey carried out, Chinahas the highest rate of females committing suicide worldwide. This isbecause the rule of one child has reduced women to mere objects andit has denied them the role of controlling their bodies. They are nownot able to freely determine the spacing and the number of childrento sire. This goes against the human rights (Ebenstein, 2010).
Onechild policy also restricts women from giving birth to baby girls.Before birth, many women abort when they realize that their pregnancyis of a baby girl. This practice has skewed China’s populationration in which it is now at 118 boys to 100 girls.
Communistparty introduced this law of one child in order to curb the high rateof child birth which had made the government fear that the economywould explode. The rule was to act as a temporary measure to controlpopulation growth but it has remained in use till today. China isfacing a difficult in maintaining its growth because the people whoare working are fast aging out. These aging population will be unableto support the nation in case working force start dwindling (Ebenstein, 2010).
Eventhough the government uplifts this one child policy, many people willnot give birth to many children. Urbanization and rising income hasmainly led to a reduction in birthrates.
Manypeople believe that the government will not abandon the one-childpolicy because it has given the government trillions of revenue fromthe fines imposed on women who do not obey and follow the rule.
Inconclusion, the stains which have been left in the hearts of manyChinese people due to this one child policy may not end in the nearfuture. These crimes against humanity are ranked among the worst inthe last century. We request the government of China to give thewomen the right to control their bodies. They should be given freedomto decide the number of children they should give birth to and thespacing of these children.
Ebenstein,A. (2010). The “missing girls” of China and the unintendedconsequences of the one child policy. Journalof Human Resources,45(1),87-115.