Anxietyis the feeling of fear or panic. Most individuals feel anxious aboutvarious life situations such as an exam. When such stressfulsituation is over, they feel calm. Sometimes the feeling of anxietycontinues even when the plight is over, or sometimes a person mayfeel a stronger fear than other individuals. At this level, anxietybecomes a dire problem and can affect a person’s everydayactivities. The anxiety symptoms include feeling nervous, panicky, orfrightened all the time. A person may also feel depressed and have noappetite. It is a sign of a person suffering fromObsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
Obsessionis the unpleasant and unwanted image, thought, or urge thatrepeatedly comes to an individual’s mind, leading to unease,anxiety, or disgust. It causes the victim to become upset about everyidea that has such images or thoughts. However, people with obsessionare the least likely to act on their ideas, as they remain repugnantto them and take extensive measures to avert them. Some factors thatlead to obsession include worrying about contracting HIV/AIDS,worrying about causing sexual of physical harm to others, unpleasantor unwanted sexual feelings and thoughts, and, worrying aboutsomething bad expected to happen. It is also a symptom of a personsuffering from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (Giddens,2008).
Acompulsion is a repetitive thought or behavior that a personexperiences compelling him/her to act. Taking action dispels unwantedor unpleasant feelings that are brought by anxiety. For instance, anindividual who feels that their house is on fire may want to moveoutside or check that all the doors and windows are properly lockedseveral times before sleeping or leave the house. It is also asymptom of a person suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
Causesof Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ()
Scientistshave carried out research on the issue of Obsessive CompulsiveDisorder. However, none of such researchers give the apparent causeof the disease due to lack of adequate evidence. Nevertheless, somedoctors have said that it is mainly caused by the genes that affectthe development of the brain. Moreover, has been connected to theuncontrollable and persistent images, thoughts, worries, doubts,fear, and impulses. Due to this cause, it is suspected that iscaused by anxiety, obsession, and feeling of compulsion that work enmasseto ruin the mental parts of the human body. Individuals with think that it is a temporary situation, but if they fail to develop asuccessful coping mechanism, it can worsen (Leach,2015).
Onemethod that can be used to treat is Exposureand Response Prevention Therapy (ERP). It is the treatment techniqueavailable from the Cognitive-Behavior Therapists (CBT) for variousanxiety disorders. Through ResponsePrevention Therapymethod, a therapeutic impact is achieved after the victims face theircause of fear and put aside their escape approaches.
Anexample of how such technique works:
Imaginean individual who frequently checks the switches to make sure thatlights are off, even when they enter the room that is clearly dark.Applying ERPtechnique,such a person would be exposed to the light until they no longerrespond to the fear causing stimuli.
Giddens,S. (2008). Obsessive-compulsivedisorder.New York: Rosen.
Leach,R. (2015).Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. SpringerReference, 25,201-213.