Running Header: OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
The goal of carrying out occupational therapy on the 6 year old Dannyis to offer training so that development of skilled motor performanceis optimized. Due to Danny’s condition, one part of his brain thatcontrols the movement of muscles is damaged. Therefore, heexperiences difficulties in making particular movements using theaffected body parts. Danny’s environment will be manipulated so asto provide both opportunity and challenge since the availability ofenvironmental constraints will help to guide and direct his movementsappropriately.
On the otherhand, there will be involvement of activity-related tasks which willbe meant to promote acquisition of specific skill i.e. boarding theschool bus. It will also help to improve the effectiveness of hismotor performance in changing environments. Danny will be subjectedto exercises that involve bilateral sequential movements to stimulatemuscle contraction and active stretching (Langan et al. 2014).Muscle strength and endurance, and stimulated learning will be builtup by repetitive and varied exercise practice. His weak limbs willundergo training of actions particularly in standing and sitting sothat he can develop balance and motor control at these positions.There will be emphasis on maximizing the amount of time in thistraining program.
Use of medicaland surgical intervention will be encouraged too. Targeted botulinumtoxin treatment will be given as well as surgical approaches with theongoing therapy in progress. Spasticity can be reduced in targetedmuscles when botulinum toxin is used. The range of movement at aparticular joint can also be improved. Surgical approaches willinclude muscle lengthening and tendon transfer. A community model ofservice delivery will be used and the family together with theteaching staff will be engaged to ensure that the training program issuccessful.
Gavin, J. C., & Anna, P. B. (2015). Improving outcomes incerebral palsy with early intervention: new translational approaches.Frontiers Media SA.
Langan J, Doyle S. T. Hurvitz E. A. & Brown S. H. (2014),Influence of Task on Interlimb Coordination in Adults with CerebralPalsy, Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp.1571-1576.