Nutrition Chapter 8

Nutrition:Chapter 8



  1. Discuss the millennium development goals- how close are we to achieving them?

Themillennium development goals were designed by a group of 191 nationsas quantified targets, which aim at addressing the issue of globalpoverty. The achievement of the millennium development goals dependson such issues like poverty, diseases, hunger, and people lackingshelter, promoting gender equality, promoting education and literacy,and ensuring environmental sustainability. The achievement ofmillennium development goals is within site, even though it may takelonger than anticipated.

  1. What is the relationship between poverty and disease?

Astudy of poverty and disease shows that the two engage in a viciousrelationship, as the highest rates of disease infection are found inareas that have high levels of poverty. This shows that diseases andpoverty go hand in hand since poor people cannot afford to buymedicine or treatment.

  1. Discuss factors for transmission of HIV/AIDS in the U.S. and globally.

Thetransmission of HIV/AIDS globally is aided by many factors, such asthe low status of women in the society, corruption, poverty, famineand hunger, people taking naïve risks, presence of many sexuallytransmitted infections, resistance to behavioral change, andprostitution.

  1. Explain at least three health crises occurring globally

Someof the health crises occurring globally include cancer, diabetes, andnoncommunicable diseases. These diseases are considered as healthcrises because they lead to deaths of millions of people around theworld.

  1. Discuss at least three things you learned from this book

First,I learned that many countries came together to form the millenniumdevelopment goals to help countries affected by poverty and otherchallenges. I also learned that HIV/AIDS is still an epidemic that isspreading rapidly despite the numerous efforts to curb it. Further,I learned that the challenges affecting the world can only beovercome by all nations coming together and combining their efforts.


  1. What is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and what contributes to getting this disease?

Lifestylediseases are the leading cause of death in the United States, and itis contributed by unhealthy lifestyles. Some of the lifestylediseases include diabetes and heart diseases.

  1. Define community, public, and global health.

Thepublic refers to ordinary people in general or a matter that involvesthe whole lot of people. A Community applies to a combination ofpeople who have a common origin, purpose, or agenda. People in acommunity also share the same ideas, resources, and information aswell. Global health refers to health concerning people in a globalcontext, meaning that it is viewed from a global vision.

  1. What are factors that contribute to a community`s health?

Goodleadership and exemplary communication skills are some of the factorsthat that contribute to a community`s health. A community`s health isensured through having a good leadership in the context that theleaders will help the community in achieving its goals. Goodcommunication helps to pass ideas between the members of thecommunity.

  1. Discuss some achievements in public health in the U.S.

Thepublic health in the United States has made some achievements, suchas preventing and controlling infectious diseases, controlling thedistribution and use of tobacco, reduction of maternal and infanthealth, and preventing cardiovascular diseases.

  1. Define lifestyle diseases and discuss incidence and prevalence

Lifestylediseases are diseases which are associated with how a person or thegeneral public lives or behaves. Some of the lifestyle diseasesinclude heart diseases, diabetes, obesity, and diseases that resultfrom smoking or uptake of alcohol.

  1. What is the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of disease?

Theprimary, secondary and tertiary prevention of disease refer to thedifferent stages that are taken in the process of preventing adisease. Primary prevention is meant to curb the disease before itoccurs, secondary prevention is meant to minimize the effects of thedisease after it has occurred, and tertiary prevention is meant tosoften the effects of the disease.

  1. Explain the 3-legged approach to a successful community health campaign

The3-legged approach centers on three essential elements namely beingintegrally earned-centric, their design is mostly social, and theircore is defined by having a good purpose. Earned centric means thatthe program earns the trust and attention of the audience. By beingdesigned socially, it means that they put people and social networksat the heart of their process. The programs are also defined byhaving a purpose as a key differentiating factor.

  1. Discuss factors for a country`s mortality rate

Acountry`s mortality rate is determined by some factors, such aseating nutritious foods, having an increased food supply, improvementof sanitation, improved medical health care, and safer water plants.

  1. Why does the U.S. have a high infant mortality rate and a lower life expectancy than other industrialized countries?

TheUnited States has a high rate of infant mortalities because of somefactors, such as birth defects, a high rate of low birth weight forsome infants, and premature babies. The United States also has alower life expectancy because its populations are afflicted bylifestyle diseases, such as diabetes, heart diseases, stroke,smoking, and other related diseases.

  1. Explain factory farming and the health of our food supply.

Factoryfarming refers to rearing of livestock using highly intensivetechniques under controlled conditions. It contributes to theemission of methane hence leading to more global warming potentialof carbon dioxide. The human food supply is not healthy as most ofthe land, air and water bodies are polluted by chemicals.