Mechanizationof Modern Culture
Saint Benedict of Nursia formed the orderly and structured disciplineof “Black Monks.” Friars that followed this order came to beidentified as Benedictines. A cenobite named Gerbert invented themodern mechanical clock, albeit with the technology of fallingweights. In later years, Gerbert became Pope Sylvester II. TheBenedictines were instrumental in the development of early capitalismsince their rule suspended the curse off work. Also, their intensiveengineering enterprises were reputed to have eliminated the glamorfrom warfare. Besides, the monastery had developed a routine ofadhering to order while regulating time-sequences. In this regard,canonical hours refer to the periods that were designated for regularprayer. Monasteries contributed to the constant and collective rhythmand beat of the machine. This was because the clock was recognized ashaving far grander purposes than just regulating the number of hours.The clock could also synchronize men’s actions.
Moreover, the clock created at the monastery could display bothseconds and minutes. In this respect, it helped to separate time fromevents in the human family. Consequently, it created belief in anindependent global system with measurable sequences. Mechanical timedeveloped as a facet of time that could be determined withmathematical accuracy. Such time could also be reversed or forwardedwith precision. Granted, human experience has little support for thedevelopment of a unique scientific world. For example, there arechanges in the duration of days in the course of a year. Also, steadychanges occur between night and day. Furthermore, journeys conductedacross East to West created time differences of several minutes. Somehuman regularities such as the pulse rate and the rate of breathingalso experienced frequent changes depending on the prevailing mood.Therefore, organic time was measured by the existing activities amongthe human experience. For example, shepherds estimated time based onthe lambing of ewes while farmers were guided by sowing and harvestperiods. The progressive aspect of growth and development typifiedthe cumulative nature of organic time.