Legalizationof drugs such as cannabis has generated a lot of contentious debate.Some argue that legalization of cannabis has many significantbenefits to its users and the society while others argue thatlegalization of cannabis will result in adverse effects on the healthof users and society.
Thispaper seeks to study on the pros and cons of legalizing cannabis.
Prosof Legalizing Cannabis
Thepositive arguments of legalization of cannabis have been backed withextensive research on the issue. Studies indicate that legalizationof cannabis in Colorado for recreational purposes has generated a lotof benefits. It has contributed to reduced crime rates in Coloradosince its legalization. Additionally, the studies indicate thatcannabis has medical benefits. The proponents of cannabislegalization argue that cannabis plays a significant role in thetreatment of diseases and symptoms thereby improving health ofindividuals. Studies reveal that cannabis has contributed to reducingdepression and alleviating anxiety in individuals (Rough, 2015).
Theproponents of cannabis legalization argue that cannabis generatesrevenue. Studies indicate that the legalization of cannabis inColorado has resulted in revenue generation in the state. Coloradowas able to generate $63 million after the first year of legalizingcannabis. Additionally, the proponents of cannabis legalization arguethat cannabis has benefits in alleviating unemployment. Studiesreveal that cannabis legalization has resulted in creation of 10,000jobs in Colorado. The legal cannabis industry has generated jobs foryouths in the state reducing the unemployment rate to 6% thusboosting the economy (Rough, 2015).
Theproponents of cannabis legalization argue that its legalization wouldcontribute to elimination of black market. Legalization of cannabiswould promote creation of legal markets, formulation of proper rules,and development of appropriate infrastructure. Through the abovementioned measures, the black market will be eliminated (Rough,2015).
Consof Legalizing Cannabis
Theopponents of legalization of cannabis argue that legalization ofcannabis would encourage the use of cannabis especially among youthsleading to adverse health and psychological impacts. An experimentconducted in Alaska in 1970 on legalization of marijuana resulted inincreased use of the drug among youths. The increased use ofmarijuana as a result of legalization prompted the state governmentto re-criminalize the use of marijuana in 1990 (AIHW,2007).
Theopponents of cannabis legalization argue that prohibition of cannabisdeters individuals from utilizing illegal drugs. Studies conducted inAustralia indicated that about 29% of youths interviewed stated thatthey have never used cannabis because of its illegality. Therefore,the proponents argue that legalization of cannabis would promote theuse of the drug especially among youths (AIHW,2007).
Theopponents argue that cannabis use has negative implication on thehealth of individuals. It facilitates the use of hard drugs such ascocaine and heroin, which in turn leads to addiction. Addiction leadsto health deterioration and increased crime rates in the society(AIHW,2007).
Thelegalization of cannabis has generated a lot of debate in thesociety. The proponents of cannabis legalization argue that cannabishas many advantages. These advantages include: it boost the economy,it reduces depression and anxiety, and elimination of black market.The opponents of cannabis legalization argue that legalization wouldpromote increased rate of cannabis use among youths, contributes toincreased crime rate and addiction that affects the health ofindividuals.
AustralianInstitute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) (2007). National Drug StrategyHousehold Survey: first Results. Drug Statistics Series number20.Cat. no. PHE 98. Canberra: AIHW "Australian2007 Household Survey"
Rough,L. (2015). 10Arguments in Favor of Legalizing Cannabis.Leafy