JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION 5
Evenindividuals within the field of justice administration usuallyconfuse the terms criminology and justice administration. On the onehand, criminology is considered as the study of the anatomy of acrime, in particular, its causes and consequences (Walsh &Hemmens, 2010). On the other hand, justice administration isconsidered an established system for dealing with crime, preciselydetection, investigation, apprehension, prosecution, and punishmentof those individuals suspected of a crime and those individuals whoseresponsibility is to work with the established system (Peak, 2001).While the two terms are different, they are related to one another.For instance, criminologists who investigate the cause of a crimework closely with law enforcement from the justice administration tobring culprits of a crime to book. As such, this paper focuses on howcriminology and justice administration relate with one another aswell as the application of justice administration to criminology.
Criminologycan be challenging to understand because it consists of differentspecialties. According to Walsh and Hemmens (2010), criminologistsinterrogate suspects, investigate crime scenes, profile criminals,participate in autopsies, and interview suspects. Some of thecriminologists concentrate on research while others work asconsultants for the government and employees of private securitycompanies. In addition, they also work with courts of law to provideprofessional testimony in criminal proceedings. Most importantly,they are analysts who collect and analyze data in order to provideinformed information and recommendations to law enforcement agencies.In their analysis, they seek to identify individuals who committedcrimes, when the crimes were committed, and the reasons the crimeswere committed. Their analysis also provides statistical informationthat is used to create a profile employed by law enforcements tounderstand and predict the behavior of criminals.
Unlikecriminology where the emphasis is on the analysis of crime, justiceadministration focuses on the societal systems that are set up toaddress the perpetrators of crimes and criminal behavior (Peak,2001). Justice administration has three main components that includethe courts, correction facilities, and law enforcement. Thesecomponents are intended to punish and prevent criminal behavior ofcriminals. The most popular and visible component of justiceadministration is law enforcement, specifically police officers.Usually, police officers are at the forefront of defense againstcrime in the society. They focus on the prevention of crime byapprehending suspected criminals who are then taken to the courts oflaw for persecution. While the courts of law are less visible thanlaw enforcement, they are important to the justice administration.The purpose of courts of law is to determine whether suspectedcriminals are guilty or innocent. In the case suspected criminals arefound guilty, they are sent to correctional facilities to carry outtheir sentence. The correctional facilities are responsible forenforcing punishment as directed by the courts of law.
Relationand Application of to Criminology
Thediscussion highlights the differences between criminology and justiceadministration. While the emphasis of criminology is in the analysisof crime, justice administration puts emphasis on the societalsystems that are set up to address the perpetrators of crimes andcriminal behavior. However, the discussion also highlights therelationship between justice administration and criminology forinstance, law enforcement, especially police officers who belong tothe justice administration, focus on preventing crime by apprehendingsuspected criminals work together with criminologists.
Thecriminologists interview and interrogate suspects as well asinvestigate the scene of a crime in order to find out who committedcrimes when the crimes were committed, and the reasons the crimeswere committed. This information assists police officers to takecriminals to the courts of law for persecution. Thus, while thejustice administration and criminology are different, it is apparentthat law enforcement, in particular police officers, work withcriminologists to persecute criminals in the court of law (Siegel &Worrall, 2015). In applying justice administration to criminology, itimplies that the police officers from the justice administration seekthe expertise of criminologists, such as the investigation of a sceneof a crime and interrogation of suspected criminals in order to finda perpetrator.
Inthe discussion, it has been shown that criminology and justiceadministration are different. Criminology was shown to focus on theanalysis of crime, while justice administration was shown to focus onthe societal systems that are set up to address the perpetrators ofcrimes and criminal behavior. However, criminology and justiceadministration relate to one another. Law enforcement, especiallypolice officers who belong to the justice administration, focus onpreventing crime by apprehending suspected criminals from reliableinformation provided by criminologists, such as suspected criminalswho committed crimes, when the crimes were committed, and the reasonsthe crimes were committed. Therefore, it can be concluded that thejustice administration and criminology cannot work independently.They need to work together to fulfill their objectives.
Peak,K. (2001). Justiceadministration: Police, courts, and corrections management.Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Siegel,L., & Worrall, J. (2015). Introductionto criminal justice.Boston: Cengage Learning.
Walsh,A., & Hemmens, C. (2010). Introductionto criminology.Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.