Justice Administration



Evenindividuals within the field of justice administration usuallyconfuse the terms criminology and justice administration. On the onehand, criminology is considered as the study of the anatomy of acrime, in particular, its causes and consequences (Walsh &ampHemmens, 2010). On the other hand, justice administration isconsidered an established system for dealing with crime, preciselydetection, investigation, apprehension, prosecution, and punishmentof those individuals suspected of a crime and those individuals whoseresponsibility is to work with the established system (Peak, 2001).While the two terms are different, they are related to one another.For instance, criminologists who investigate the cause of a crimework closely with law enforcement from the justice administration tobring culprits of a crime to book. As such, this paper focuses on howcriminology and justice administration relate with one another aswell as the application of justice administration to criminology.


Criminologycan be challenging to understand because it consists of differentspecialties. According to Walsh and Hemmens (2010), criminologistsinterrogate suspects, investigate crime scenes, profile criminals,participate in autopsies, and interview suspects. Some of thecriminologists concentrate on research while others work asconsultants for the government and employees of private securitycompanies. In addition, they also work with courts of law to provideprofessional testimony in criminal proceedings. Most importantly,they are analysts who collect and analyze data in order to provideinformed information and recommendations to law enforcement agencies.In their analysis, they seek to identify individuals who committedcrimes, when the crimes were committed, and the reasons the crimeswere committed. Their analysis also provides statistical informationthat is used to create a profile employed by law enforcements tounderstand and predict the behavior of criminals.


Unlikecriminology where the emphasis is on the analysis of crime, justiceadministration focuses on the societal systems that are set up toaddress the perpetrators of crimes and criminal behavior (Peak,2001). Justice administration has three main components that includethe courts, correction facilities, and law enforcement. Thesecomponents are intended to punish and prevent criminal behavior ofcriminals. The most popular and visible component of justiceadministration is law enforcement, specifically police officers.Usually, police officers are at the forefront of defense againstcrime in the society. They focus on the prevention of crime byapprehending suspected criminals who are then taken to the courts oflaw for persecution. While the courts of law are less visible thanlaw enforcement, they are important to the justice administration.The purpose of courts of law is to determine whether suspectedcriminals are guilty or innocent. In the case suspected criminals arefound guilty, they are sent to correctional facilities to carry outtheir sentence. The correctional facilities are responsible forenforcing punishment as directed by the courts of law.

Relationand Application of to Criminology

Thediscussion highlights the differences between criminology and justiceadministration. While the emphasis of criminology is in the analysisof crime, justice administration puts emphasis on the societalsystems that are set up to address the perpetrators of crimes andcriminal behavior. However, the discussion also highlights therelationship between justice administration and criminology forinstance, law enforcement, especially police officers who belong tothe justice administration, focus on preventing crime by apprehendingsuspected criminals work together with criminologists.

Thecriminologists interview and interrogate suspects as well asinvestigate the scene of a crime in order to find out who committedcrimes when the crimes were committed, and the reasons the crimeswere committed. This information assists police officers to takecriminals to the courts of law for persecution. Thus, while thejustice administration and criminology are different, it is apparentthat law enforcement, in particular police officers, work withcriminologists to persecute criminals in the court of law (Siegel &ampWorrall, 2015). In applying justice administration to criminology, itimplies that the police officers from the justice administration seekthe expertise of criminologists, such as the investigation of a sceneof a crime and interrogation of suspected criminals in order to finda perpetrator.


Inthe discussion, it has been shown that criminology and justiceadministration are different. Criminology was shown to focus on theanalysis of crime, while justice administration was shown to focus onthe societal systems that are set up to address the perpetrators ofcrimes and criminal behavior. However, criminology and justiceadministration relate to one another. Law enforcement, especiallypolice officers who belong to the justice administration, focus onpreventing crime by apprehending suspected criminals from reliableinformation provided by criminologists, such as suspected criminalswho committed crimes, when the crimes were committed, and the reasonsthe crimes were committed. Therefore, it can be concluded that thejustice administration and criminology cannot work independently.They need to work together to fulfill their objectives.


Peak,K. (2001). Justiceadministration: Police, courts, and corrections management.Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Siegel,L., &amp Worrall, J. (2015). Introductionto criminal justice.Boston: Cengage Learning.

Walsh,A., &amp Hemmens, C. (2010). Introductionto criminology.Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.




Administrationof justice is affected by several issues. There have been concernsthat trial TV programs such as CSI may have adverse effects on thejuror. The increased incidences of violence against court officers orthe litigants are important issues in the court systems. Otheraspects that have direct impacts on the United States court systemsinclude special needs offenders (drug addicts, mentally ill andveteran offenders), delayed justice, juvenile justice, the use ofexclusionary rules in judicial proceedings and the influence of mediacameras on trial processes (Peak, 2015).

Additionally,there are numerous issues in the operations of correctionalfacilities. They include inmates’ populations, constitutionalrights of prisoners, and the administration of parole and probation.Correction personnel play significant roles in the justice system.Prison wardens are responsible for all activities within thefacility, which include safety and security. The success of thecorrectional system depends on the availability of well-trainedwardens who can deal with emerging issues in prisons. Middle managersand supervision have administrative roles. One of the most importantpersonnel in the correctional facilities is the correctional officer.Primary concerns related to staff in the correctional facilitiesincludes changing roles of prison officers, staff deviance,inmate-staff relationships, probation management and workplacestressors (Peak, 2015).

Severalinmates related emerging issues are also evident in the criminaljustice system. Since the Supreme Court ruling in the Graham v.Florida case, there has been increased focus on the administration ofjuvenile justice. Sexual and physical violence, sexual contacts,hostage taking, mentally ill inmates, geriatric inmates, drug abuse,classification of prisoners, use of technology in monitoring,alternatives to incarceration and privatization of the correctionalfacilities are some of the emerging issues in the correctionalfacilities (Peak, 2015).


Peak,J. K. (2015). JusticeAdministration: Police, Courts and Corrections Management.8thEd. Pearson Education.