Influencesof Plato and Aristotle`s on today`s theories
Approximately2,400 years ago, the Greek philosophers Aristotle and Platodiscovered political philosophy. Aristotle affirmed that "it isapparent that the system of government is preeminent in which everyindividual, whoever he or she is, can perform best and live happily."Both Aristotle and Plato created vital concepts on the government andpolitics. Tyranny and the rule of law are two of the numerouspolitical topics that these men wrote. As per their ideologies,Tyranny arises when complete power is bestowed upon a leader. In atyrannical administration, the subject becomes corrupt and utilizeshis authority to promote his selfish interests instead of working forthe public good. On the other hand, the rule of law is the standardthat no one is immune from the regulations, even persons who are in aposition of authority. It can assist as a defense against tyrannysince only laws guarantee that leaders do not become corrupt. InAthenian democracy, all men openly contributed in constructing therules and determining jury tribunals. Annual elections decided whowould take essential administrative positions. Residents drew lots toaffirm who would work in the residual posts. Such governance is quitehectic to achieve and maintain in the current societies (Hawley,2016).
Thereare many challenges in attaining justice in the American society. Theterm justice has been manipulated and it is in the process of losingits meaning. In America, the blaze of cameras around famous cases isnormal. Perpetrators range from film actors to serial killers, withall the news corporations and media channel looking for the newesttruths, theories, and rumors. Even happenings entailing cruel,vicious crimes are abridged to a soap opera. During such troubles,one habitually overhears the media talking of "seeking justice."Though people, as well as institutions, are regularly speaking ofjustice, it does not conform to the way cases are handled. Forexample, some instances do not gather immediate media attention, likeparticular screened social prejudices or events of judges decreeingfrom the bench. Sometimes cases may entail different verdicts for asimilar offense. Justice is pursued, but double standards areapplied. In other happenings, the wealthy can easily afford a goodadvocate and get acquitted whereas the poor receive dissimilarrepresentation. It begs the question, is this fair? The challenge ofrepresenting both the wealthy and poor in equal capacities is quitecommon (Schleifer, 2016).
InPlato`s world, everything was equal. He wanted to create an idealgovernment without gender roles, private properties, and families. Inthe process, selfishness would cease and people would not argue witheach other. The American republic government believes in makingpeople sovereign, rejecting aristocracy, inherited political power,and monarchy. By doing so, citizens have been given the authority toperform their civic duties independently. Plato governance was mainlybased on ideal circumstances whereby everyone was equal regardless ofgender or functions. Though the technique was efficient during thosedays, it is hard to replicate the same in the current world (Hawley,2016).
Thetwo philosophers lay the foundations of Western culture as well asother features in the present world. Aristotle`s ideologieschampioned for an administration that would work. People maintaintheir human-selfishness so that they would work towards addressingtheir daily needs. The theory led to the emergence of other conceptsthat embraced the uniqueness of each person and the need tocollaborate to make a government successful. It is more of realismrather than Plato`s perfection theory. John Locke`s ideologies on themodern republic are embedded in the declaration of independencethrough the theory of rights. Locke presumed that the right to defendin a state of nature was not sufficient hence, people created acivil society that would resolve conflicts with assistance from thegovernment.
Joshua, H. (2016). Rediscovering Justice. Retrieved from National Affairs: http://www.nationalaffairs.com/publications/detail/rediscovering-justice
Schleifer, B. (2016). Justice for All: An Impossible Goal? Retrieved from Justice for All: An Impossible Goal?: https://realtruth.org/articles/353-tjaig.html