HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES 5
Historyof the United State
Historyof the United State
Theannual labor contract signed by the black people aimed at reinstatingslavery by sending all the ex-slaves to work back in the plantations.The codes favored white people and entitled them to own land,property, and quality work, hence regain white supremacy over theblack race. Black codes controlled and restricted the black people’sfreedom of employment, movement, and right to own land of the blackpeople. Slavery created a cheap source of labor and reduced cases ofrunaway slaves due to heavy penalties that resulted from violationslavery regulations.
Theformer slaves had very few rights. South Carolina State banned theblacks from practicing other occupation besides servant and farmingjobs without a license. The slaves could not move freely withoutwritten permission from their master, those who did were punished.The stringent laws and low wages prevented the slaves from runningaway because they could not afford to pay court penalties. The blackcode also restricted relationships between slaves form differentfarms and interracial marriages. Douglas describes a composite nation as a compound madeup organizations of people and advocated for unity and obedience tosociety and public law. As a result, individuals should be willing tosurrender selfishness and individualism and adopt broad objectives asa sign of civilization. Douglas believes that people should be freeto move across nations as it facilitates the spread of civilizationand science. As a result, all people across the globe will speak thesame language, appreciate same liberty, support governments, seeksimilar national resolutions, and enjoy similar national enthusiasm(Foner 24). Carnegie believes that the bestsolution to close the gap between the poor and the rich is bycreating institutions that benefit to the less privileged in thesociety. Carnegie asserts that donating money to the poor who willwaste is not a solution. Therefore, the wealthy should createinstitutions like libraries through philanthropic acts and provide aplatform where the society can learn and grow.
Carnegiesbelieves that a wealthy man who does not assist his fellow people,dies, and leaves all his money in disgrace. Therefore, rich peopleshould freely use their wealth in enhancing the societal welfare sothat when they die, they are honored.
Duringthe Gilded Age, many people believed in social Darwinism that assertsthat the failures and success of individuals in the society is aresult of natural selection. As a result, the government should notintervene by advocating for equality among all social classes in thesociety (36). William Sumner calls upon other nations to embracecooperation and avoid competition.
WilliamSumner advocates for shortening of working hours and increase wages.He argues that people from higher social classes are well paid andhave more time for leisure while the laborers of low economic statuswork for longer hours and get low pay (38). Shortening working hourswill enable laborers to have leisure and relax while increased paywill empower them to invest and be economically empowered.
TheOmaha Platform identified telephones, railroads, and telegraphs as athreat to American liberty. The platform asserted the need for thegovernment to own the transport and communication sector becauseprivate developers owning them will own the people through monopoly.The populist further argued that money taken from people throughtaxes is robbery and violates liberty. The land and its naturalresources are people’s heritage and should not be monopolized byforeigners.
Thepopulists were assured of liberty if the government owned andcontrolled power. At that time, most of the citizens were wage slavesand did not have social and economic freedom. The people wanted thegovernment to address the 1890s crisis that would generate freedom.As a resulted, they advocated that the government should owntelegraph and telephone lines, and railroads instead of theoppressive business owners. The populists further wanted the silvercoins to replace the gold currency as it limited ownership andexchange of money. The powerful individuals monopolizing the economydid not care about the poor citizens but strove to enrichthemselves. Farmers felt oppressed because they did not havesufficient currency to purchase farm inputs and pay bills.
“WhiteMan’s Burden” by Rudyard Kipling is a poem that highlights theoppressive rule of the British Empire on its colonies. TheImperialists believed that they had the right to enforce their lawsand morals on African and Asian natives. The British Empireconsidered the natives less civilized, less intelligent, and morallyinferior (72). Kipling implores the white colonialists to exercisepatient on the less pride when handling Africans.
Thewhite people look down upon other races as inferior and childishcreating a perception that the white race has the responsibility ofimposing cultural change and ruling over other races. At firstglance, Kipling’s poem seems to be advancing slavery. However, hecalls upon the white people to rule other nations and work towardsbenefiting the welfare of their subjects (72). Kipling asserts thatempires should take up the burden and accept blame from those theyrule and protect.
Foner,Erick. Voicesof Freedom: A Documentary History.4thed. Vol. 1. New York, NY: W W Norton & Company Incorporated,2013. Print