Health disparities

Healthdisparities

Universityaffiliation

HealthDisparities

  1. Examples of health disparities in the US

Healthcare disparities are the variations in health care among populationgroups. It is mainly viewed in the aspects of ethnicity and race, butit occurs in many scopes like education, income, geographical, andsexual orientation. Regarding race, genetic factors, healthbehaviors, and environmental differences lead to health disparities.The minority mostly experience high rates of chronic diseases thanthe majority populations. Pertaining sex, women experience many casesof depression,rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis. Men are more exposed toinjuries and liver diseases.

  1. Significance of Diversity in America

Concerninghealth disparities, America experiences high levels of diversity andunhealthy population. The racial and ethnic minorities pose a bigproblem to the American community. The resultant health disparitiesexperienced include cancer, heart diseases, accidental injuries,diabetes, and HIV/AIDS. The America’s ethnicity includes theHispanics, African-Americans, and the Asian Islanders who experiencehigh mortality rates as compared to the general population.

  1. The Hispanic paradox

TheHispanic paradox is a theory stating that Hispanic immigrants arealways healthy before going to the United States but end up taking upthe unhealthy lifestyles once in the country. This is through theprocess of acculturation whereby, the immigrants acquire the values,attitudes, beliefs, customs, and behaviors of the culture of the newstate. High rates of acculturation are seen through increased levelsof adolescent pregnancies, high blood pressure, cancer rates,depression, and low rates of fiber consumption. Despite the Hispanicparadox, the Hispanics are the largest minority group in the UnitedStates. They experience high mortality rates for homicides,accidents, and HIV/AIDS than the non-Hispanics. Additionally, theHispanics are twice likely to die from diabetes than thenon-Hispanics.

  1. The Tuskegee syphilis experiment

Thisis a clinical study carried out from 1932 to 1972 by the PublicHealth Service (PHS) of the United States. It examined how untreatedsyphilis progressed naturally among 399 African-Americanmen in the rural areas of Alabama. The study intended to examine theeffect of syphilis on the African-Americans as compared to theCaucasians. It concluded that syphilis increased the susceptibilityof the African-Americans to cardiovascular damage, whereas theCaucasians were more susceptible to neurological difficulties.Despite the commercial availability of penicillin in 1945, thedoctors did not treat the men. Moreover, they intentionally withheldthe drugs from them.

Theend of the experiment saw 28 of the men dying directly of syphilis,100 dying of linked complications, 40 of their wives got infected,and 19 kids were born with inherited syphilis. Regardless of the 1943Henderson Act, which called for the treatment of sexually transmittedinfections, and the World Health Organization’s statement of theHelsinki in 1964, which required people to be informed beforeexperiments are conducted on them, the Tuskegeesyphilis experiment was still carried out as planned.

  1. The possibility of ending health disparities in the U.S.

Itis possible to end the problem of health disparities in the U.S.because of the improved cultural competence. Currently, organizationsand people have developed skills and attitudes that enable them towork with diverse races, ethnic, and social groups. Patients areequipped with knowledge that any personnel despite their race cantreat them, therefore, removes the perception of inequality. Thereare education and outreach programs that address the issue hence thediverse populations can understand, and cater for the minority amongthem. Strategies to end poverty, which is the main factor leading tohealth disparities, through political, social, and psychologicalempowerment have been institutionalized to eradicate the problem ofhealth disparities.