GlobalPaper 2: Infrastructure and Affordability
GlobalPaper 2: Infrastructure and Affordability
Theprimary need for the rational use of any web-based devices is to bein the position of having a pester-free access to the internet. TheInformation and Communication Technology (ICT) departments have anobligation of serving as an efficient and effective vessel ofbroad-based advancement and opportunity for all if the individuals indeveloping nations, such as Morocco, have the access to suchdepartments. However, absolute absence or even underdevelopment oftelecommunication infrastructure has become the upper bar of the useof the ICTs in remote regions. In the Infrastructure andAffordability part, some internet components in African countries,especially Morocco, are going to be tackled and how they havedeveloped in the recent years.
3.02Mobile Networking Coverage
Wideningthe affordability and reach of technology and service to the rurallocalities of Morocco has become a hard nut to crack. The complexityof such challenges is due to the requirement of the substantialinvestments in the Terrestrial Communications Infrastructure (TCI)that cannot be afforded by the public sectors. The primary factorthat led to the decline of the availability of the mobile networkingcoverage was incompetence of the government-owned communicationcompanies to offer cheap and reliable mobile telephony services. Suchchallenge resulted in the failure of satisfying the enormous demandfor various communication utilities in the country. In 2014, therewas minimal communication between rural and urban regions due to lackof installation of the mobile communication tools. However, theconditions have been improved due to the development and high rate ofcrime where the government has found it necessary to boost its levelof security to attract numerous investors (Bruno, 2015).
3.04Secure Internet Servers
Despitethe weak economy in most of the African countries, some have embracedthe VPN technology to secure their internet-based activities. Manynorth-western nations like Morocco have created the websites thatrestrict access to the users with the Moroccan IPs. Through such aninnovation, the VyprVPN enables the users to create an IP addressthat springs from any VPN server destinations globally. In this case,people can access their favorite websites, secure their internetconnections, and encipher all data they receive and send through theweb. One of the advantages the country has accrued because ofembracing a VPN is that there is a high level of security to theInternet-connected systems. In the recent years, Morocco’sunderlying internet infrastructure alone has not been providing anadequate safety to the network at an affordable price.
4.03Internet and Telephony Competition
Inthis case, the argument is framed as follows: In the country ofstandard telephony, the service providers had two main propertyrights. The first one was that they could exclude the internet usersfrom accessing their network, and the second one was excluding thecustomers from making personal calls. However, in the pure internettelephony world, such property rights have been declined. Due tostiff competition in the internet provision, nobody who is in theposition of accessing the internet can be excluded from using his orher network for the voice calls. In Morocco, access to the internethas become the primary property right, for whatever task it is usedto complete. For this reason, the government has flattened out theproperty rights and the internet providers granted a less degree offreedom in their pricing and access policies (Jarvis,2011).
6.01Mobile Phone Subscriptions
Mobilephone subscription has become the principal means of communication inmost African countries. Although the intensity of the internet andnetwork tasks that are expected to complete the communication viamobile phones successfully varies from one country to another, suchmeans has been highly improved in Morocco. In this country, mostpeople have subscribed to the public mobile services, whose primaryrole is to provide access to the PSTN through the application of thecellular technology. In 2015 and 2014, the Moroccan indicator showedthat all its citizens were using the postpaid subscriptions, mobilecellular that offered the voice communication being the majorsubscription. However, in this year, the indicator has included boththe active postpaid and prepaid subscriptions. The data collectedexcluded some subscriptions like telepoint, radio paging, USB modems,and telemetry services.
10.02Internet Access in Schools
ICTshave also been introduced in the education sector. Through theadvancement in technology, the cost of learning has been reduced bythe significant percentage where most colleges and universities havestarted the e-learning programs. Morocco has applied the Spanishtechnology to conquer the internet issue that has, for the longperiod, affected many education institutions in the country. Theconnection to the internet through wires became difficult andexpensive to reach the rural and inaccessible areas where someschools are located. The technology originated in Nortis, aconstituent of Quantis Global, which offers the satellite Internetaccess to more than 4700 schools in the country. The national boardof Generalization of Information and Communication Technologies inEducation (GENIE) that was formed early this year has formed the vastprocedure and guidelines of the reforms in the education system inthe National Charter for Education and Training (NCET)(International,2014).
TheICT has finally reached many homes where people, through somedevices, have created their networks to surf at their disposal. Themodem has more information about all the traffic and is the soledevice that can be used in this context. Ironically, even the moderncommercial routers may not carry out a successful internet work asthe modem can do. At the end of this part, the reader will be able tounderstand how various people and households have used the internetin Morocco, and how it has helped such people to raise the economy ofthe country.
6.02Individuals Using the Internet
TheInternetis one of the sources that are used in carrying many types ofresearch in the contemporary world. As mentioned earlier, internetand networking is the greatest achievement that has been made inMorocco. People have the ability to access the internet in theirphone to carry out various activities. The main advantages that canbe accrued from the application of internet by the Moroccan citizensare cheaper and reliable network than the ones they used in 2013 and2014, and it enables them to impart information to people that arefar apart through their phones (Jeffreys,2012).
6.03Households w/ Personal Computer
Thepersonal computer can also access the internet. Apart from using themodem to connect the computer to the web server, people have alsocome up with the easiest way of creating the stable and reliablenetwork using their Smartphone. It is the wireless means of enablinga personal computer to access the internet via the hotspot thatoperates within a given radius. In most of the African countries,such as Morocco, people use their personal computers to promote theirproducts through social media. They also use them to in the processof sharing data and hardware (Lloyd,2014).
6.04Households w/ Internet Access
Inthe Households w/ Internet Access, most people secure their stuffusing the internet via the computers. Houses have the digital locksthat can only open when the owner operates the computer that isconnected to the web. Moreover, most of the individuals have used theinternet enter into the online supermarkets and buy most of thehouseholds, such as beds, cutleries, utensils, and so forth. In thiscase, it can be seen that the internet has not only led toimprovements in the economy of the African countries but also madethe commercial world a global village where everybody can accessvarious markets.
Inconclusion, ICTs have dominated every activity in the world. As theworld keeps on evolving regarding technology, Africa has alsoshowcased its ability to apply various modern devices to boost itsproductivity and break into the world’s commercial market. Moroccois an example of the African countries that have fully depended oninternet and networking to carry out its activities. It has ensuredgood communication network and almost free internet accessibility byits citizens. Through the application of Spanish technology, morethan 4700 schools can access the internet at the lowest charges.Households are also connected to the internet for security purposes.
TheInternet has more advantages than the disadvantages. In spite oftheir limited in number, such drawbacks can turn the whole internetto be a malicious material to the internet-accessing devices. Forexample, severe viruses can be downloaded from the web and damagedthe mobile or the computer. The recommendation to those companiesthat manufacture various anti-viruses is that they should come upwith the stronger software than the ones they are currently producingfor the safety of the devices. The internet expertise should alsoarrive with the ways of stopping the spamming.
Bruno,L (2015). The Global Information Technology Report 2015. Geneva:CornellUniversity Publishers. Retrieved from:http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Global_IT_Report_2015.pdf
International,B. P. U. (2014). Moroccoinvestment and trade laws and regulations handbook.S.l.: Intl Business Pubns USA.
Jarvis,D. S. L. (2011). Infrastructureregulation: What works, why and how do we know? : lessons from Asiaand beyond.Singapore: World Scientific.
Jeffreys,A. (2012). Thereport: Morocco 2012.London?: Oxford Business Group.
Lloyd,F. (2014). Cabletelevision law, 2004: Competition in video, internet & telephony.New York, N.Y: Practising Law Institute.