Gita

GITA 4

Question 2: What is Varnashrama (caste-system)? Discuss.

The caste system can be described as a model which separates peopleinto different social systems and it is mainly practiced in theIndian culture. It is essential to note that this socialstratification system has been there for numerous years. This is asystem where the society is normally divided into various socialgroups based on the occupation and the authority that each personhas. It is essential to note that each group is referred to as thecaste or the varna. There are a total of four castes in the Hinduculture. The four social groups include the priests, kings,merchants, and the laborers. Members of each caste would not interactwith members from another group. The preachers and the teachers havethe ultimate power and they are followed by the kings who are mainlythe political and military leaders. The merchants comprise mainly ofthe land owners and the farmers who employ the unskilled laborers.Lastly, it is critical to mention that there are some people such asthe law breakers and the people with contagious diseases who wereconsidered as outcasts and they never belong to any group in thecaste system.

Question 3

  1. Is Arjuna a Brahmin? Yes/no.

Yes Arjuna is a Brahmin

  1. Arjuna’s caste is the priest/ teacher in the Indian culture. This caste is also typically called the Brahmin. It is important to state that the Brahmins in the ancient India were known to be agriculturalists and worries and therefore Arjuna belongs in this category. One of the roles of the Brahmin was to protect the country and the people therein from external enemies.

  2. Dharma means the duties, laws and the responsibilities of Arjuna. Arjuna has the responsibility of protecting the Kingdom. Therefore, going into war is one of the dharma of Arjuna.

Question 5: What is Nirvana? Discuss

Nirvana can be defined the full realization of oneself in the Indianculture. This occurs when a person has the capacity and the knowledgeto understand how the mind works and therefore he or she is no longertied by the limitations of the law or dharma. It is essential to notethat there are only a few people in the Indian culture who attainNirvana. People who have reached Nirvana tend to sacrifice theirmaterial belongings in all aspects of their lives and only value thesense of self-possession. Nirvana falls under the last goal of lifein the Indian culture called emancipation.

Question 6:

  1. Soul is perishable

This is a statement that seems to raise a number of questions in the. According to the reading, it is clear that this statement isfalse. Arjuna is convinced to go to war and kill the relatives sincethat would only affect their physical bodies but their souls willremain intact. By agreeing to the above statement, it would mean thatthe soul could be killed, and this is not the case.

  1. Death is nothing but cessation of our material existence

This is a true statement according to the Indian culture. Death onlyseems to destroy the physical or the material body of a person but itdoes not affect the soul. According to the , death kills thematerial existence of a person, but the spiritual or the soul of theperson remains intact and it is felt by the people who remain alive.In the Hindu philosophy, the soul is considered as beingindestructible and death is viewed as only affecting the materialbeing of a person. It is, therefore, clear that the above statementis indeed true.