Family Roles and Dynamics Abstract

FamilyRoles and Dynamics


Familyroles and dynamics are essential in shaping the behaviors and ideasof individuals in a family. Substance abuse is problem and requiresmembers to work together to eradicate this problem. Substance abusecauses psychological and emotional problems on members of the therebyconstricting member’s relationships. The substance abuse problemcan be addressed through family therapy and counseling and trainingparents on specific social skills that promote maintenance of afunctional family.

FamilyRoles and Dynamics

Familyroles are influenced by the different patterns of family dynamics.Each family has their own unique systems that define theirdistinctive roles. Substance abuse causes complexities in theirfamily system. A substance abuser will cause psychological effect onmembers of the family (Haverfield,Theiss &amp Leustek, 2016).

Waysthat Family Roles and Dynamics Interact with Substance Abuse

Substanceabuse is a family problem that should be addressed jointly by familymembers. Such families can be helped to overcome the substance abuseproblem through diverse ways as discussed below.

Thefamilies with substance abuse problem can be helped throughcounseling and training programs that are offered to parents throughParents Education Programs. Parents are educated and trained onspecific social skills such as how to establish quality communicationand strong emotional bonds with family members. The counseling andtraining improve the roles of parents in families thus contributingto development of functional families. For example, a teenager livingin a dysfunctional family where the parents are always fighting willtend to use substance abuse as away to relieve themselves from stressand chaos at home. Therefore, development of functional familiesminimizes substance abuse in the family (Haverfield,Theiss &amp Leustek, 2016).

Familytherapy is also an important factor in helping families deal withsubstance abuse. The therapy motivates the families in helping thesubstance abuser in the family. The family members are encouraged toparticipate in the treatment and rehabilitation process of the familymember with addiction problems. Involvement of the family in thetreatment and rehabilitation process is significant in helping theaddict remain sober thus contribute towards positive outcomes. Forexample, a family that has a teenager addict can help the teenagerovercome the addiction problem through participating in the treatmentand rehabilitation process. This process will provide positiveresults (Haverfield,Theiss &amp Leustek, 2016).

Characteristicsof Families of Substance Abusers

Familiesof substance abusers are characterized by emotional and psychologicalconstriction. The presence of substance abuse in a family causesemotional and psychological problems among family members. Forexample, family members may not be willing to share their feelingswith other people to get help for the fear of causing conflict in thefamily. The family members will try to keep the substance abuseproblem a secret from the outsiders. Therefore, every member attemptsto hide their feelings thus resulting in emotional disconnectionamong family members (Ryanet al., 2016).

Thefamilies with substance abusers experience trauma at different levelsthat affects their relationships and hinder effectiveness in theircommunication. For example, the family members may feel ashamed andguilty of having a family member with the drug problem, which causesdistress. The distress and trauma culminates thereby leading topsychological problems. The family members may refuse to accept thetruth of the drug problem in their family and conflict with theirpsychology which affects family relationships (Ryanet al., 2016).

Ethicaland Legal Concerns

Thenumber of substance abusers is a growing problem, and due to thescarce resources available for treatment, it has raised ethical andlegal concerns. The counseling professionals are required to beimpartial in their practice and treat every individual equal. Withthe limited resources, it would be difficult for the professionalcounselor to exercise their duties ethically and legally. Forexample, the professional counselor may decide to treat the firstaddict and fail to treat the second due to limited resources. Thiswould be regarded unethical and illegal basing on the basicprinciples and policies (Lewis,Dana &amp Blevins, 2014).


Familyroles are essential in enhancing effective interactions with membersfrom different families in the wider society. Family dynamics shapethe behaviors, personalities and ideas of individuals within thefamily.


Haverfield,M. C., Theiss, J. A., &amp Leustek, J. (2016). Characteristics ofCommunication in Families of Alcoholics. Journalof Family Communication,16(2),111-127.

Lewis,J. A., Dana, R. Q., &amp Blevins, G. A. (2014). Substanceabuse counseling.Cengage Learning.

Ryan,S. R., Acheson, A., Charles, N. E., Lake, S. L., Hernandez, D. L.,Mathias, C. W., &amp Dougherty, D. M. (2016). Clinical andsocial/environmental characteristics in a community sample ofchildren with and without family histories of substance use disorderin the San Antonio area: A descriptive study. Journalof Child &amp Adolescent Substance Abuse,1-13.