Experiential and Emotionally-Focused Theories

Experientialand Emotionally-Focused Theories

Experientialand Emotionally-Focused Theories

Theexperimental theory is applied in psychotherapy to help addressemotional issues in the family (Elliottet al., 2013).Family emotion is defined as the dismantling assumptions andattitudes that prevent a couple to live a happy life resulting inunhealthy relationships. Psychological problems are seen asconsequences of a repressed ability in making authentic, reasonableand self-directed decisions on how to live. The theory entails thenotion of experiencing (Elliottet al., 2013).Here experiencing is seen as a vital tool in achieving thetherapeutic success.

Thetheory-based plan for treatment of couples and families will includeguiding them on how to improve their perception of the outside world(Elliottet al., 2013).Further, it could be essential to help clients uncover their innerindividual potential to enable them to lead a more satisfying andauthentic life. Also, directions of any changes, objectives, andgoals, will be provided to the clients. However, to achieve successin therapy, clients should actively be involved in the entireprocedure. Negotiation of the contract is also crucial in this typeof treatment where a question “where do we go from here?” isasked either formally or informally (Elliottet al., 2013).The most critical type of intervention that is applicable is thecompatibility of humanistic and experiential therapies involving theuse of 12 programs. The procedure is essential as it helps clientsaccept what cannot be changed (Elliottet al., 2013).Finally, research orientation qualifies as an intervention as itattempts to determine and demonstrate fundamental relationship byseparating individual variables while at the same time controllingothers.

Emotionallyfocused therapy defines the emotional matters in the context of thefamily and couple as psychological issues that lead to distress inintimate relationships of adults (Greenman &amp Johnson, 2013).It focuses on curing of the disease and alleviating the symptoms asopposed to other therapies. The attachment theory suggests the needfor people to be emotionally healthy to enable them to feel secure intheir connections with other people (Greenman&amp Johnson, 2013).The formulation of the treatment plan could entail a series of steps.First is the identification of the fundamental issue of concern.Second, is the determination of how the negative perception ofinteractions elevates conflict when critical problems arise. Thirdlyis the determination of fears and negative emotions associated withunderlying deleterious interaction patterns (Greenman&amp Johnson, 2013).Fourth, it could be essential to reframe the key issues. The sixthaspect is to allow the individuals to state their attachment needstogether with deep emotions while coaching both of them on learninghow to discuss matters that can lead to conflict (Greenman&amp Johnson, 2013).Finally, the couple needs to know how to communicate about the oldproblems and come with the new solutions.

Interventionsfor this therapy could include emphatic reflection. The interventioncreates coherences, encourages engagement and focusses on the session(Johnson,et al., 2013). A restructuring of the interactions that involves tracing reflectingas well as replaying the interaction could also be employed as anintervention (Johnson,et al., 2013).It helps in determining the exact root of the problems and hence howthe problem can be solved. The application of the identifiedinterventions is essential when it comes to addressing the problemsthat have a high likelihood of causing a conflict.


Elliott,R., Greenberg, L. S., Watson, J. C., Timulak, L., &amp Freire, E.(2013). Research on humanistic-experiential psychotherapies.

Greenman,P. S., &amp Johnson, S. M. (2013). Process research on emotionallyfocused therapy (EFT) for couples: Linking theory to practice. FamilyProcess,52(1),46-61.

Johnson,S. M., Bradley, B., Furrow, J. L., Lee, A., Palmer, G., Tilley, D., &ampWoolley, S. (2013). Becomingan emotionally focused couple therapist: The workbook.Taylor &amp Francis.