Evidence-Based Research


Harris, J.M., Franck, L., Green, B., &amp Michie, S. (2014). Thepsychological impact of providing women with risk information forpre-eclamspia: a qualitative study.

Midwifery, 30, 1187-1195.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2014.04.006

Background and Overview

Pre-eclampsia is a critical complication among pregnant women as itcontributes to about 15% of the premature births and about 20% ofmaternal deaths (Townsend, O’Brien &amp Khalil, 2015). The studylooks at benefits emanating from providing women with informationregarding pre-eclampsia.

Research Question

Do women experience psychological benefits from gaining informationon pre-eclampsia? The researchers seek to identify the benefits thatcould result if women were to be subjected to some form of awarenessto help them in reducing chances of premature birth and mortalityrates brought about by the disease.

Study Significance for Nursing

There has been an increase in cases of pregnant women who have losttheir lives and undergone premature birth because of pre-eclampsia.Educating the women could be essential to help in reduction of deathsassociated with the condition.

Literature Review

Conner (2014) explains that evidence-based practice entails employingscientific research to clinical practice with the ultimate goal ofimproving the quality of care for the patients.

Townsend, O’Brien, and Khalil, (2015) acknowledge the detrimentaleffects associated with pre-eclampsia. Notably, the mortality ratesassociated with the condition is high negating the need to come upwith measures to address the situation.

Spruce (2015) highlights aspects of evidence-based research and howbest to employ it in realizing the best outcomes for patientssuffering from a particular disease.

Funding Source

NIHR UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre


A qualitative research entailing the use of interviews.Semi-structured interviews that comprised open-ended questionsenabled the participants to answer questions without feeling obligedto do so.

Exploratory and descriptive in nature as well. The research seeks toexplain the benefits that could result through application of anawareness programme to help women overcome challenges of the disease.


Not applicable since it was a qualitative research.

Study Instruments

Interviews used to conduct research. Researchers acknowledged need toconduct the interview at a time and location that was convenient tothe participants.

Data Analysis

Interviews recorded, transcribed and coded through FrameworkAnalysis. It was possible to gain much information from the same.

Sample Profile

Twenty-two women qualified, but only fifteen took part where 5 werelow risk and ten high risks. They were aged 28 and 36 in 13-16 weeks’gestation.


Screening crucial to help women. Further, education identified as away of informing women on how to efficiently manage the condition.

Themes Identified

Screening essential

Education for women

Author Discussion and Conclusion

The study further gives insights on the likelihood of using thefindings to guide in improvement of patient care. For example, byinforming nurses to educate the women, it would be possible to helpin the reduction of deaths associated with the condition. Further,through application of findings of the study in nursing, the burdenof care initially imposed on nurses would be reduced. Pregnant womenwill be able to care for themselves without relying entirely onnurses.

Strengths and Limitations

Explained importance of screening tests. Researchers were able tointegrate the aspect of evidence-based practice and how it can beimplemented in a typical healthcare set up to improve patient care.

The limited sample used in the study was a disadvantage. Researcherscould have used a larger sample size since it could provide moreinformation on the issue.

Implications for Nursing Practice

Creating awareness is a crucial aspect regarding the management ofpreeclampsia. Ideas presented in the research findings are helpful intransforming the quality of care provided.


Conner, B.T. (2014). Differentiating research, evidence-basedpractice, and quality improvement. American Nurse Today, 9(6).Retrieved fromhttp://www.americannursetoday.com/differentiating-research-evidence-based- practice-and quality-improvement/

Harris, J.M., Franck, L., Green, B., &amp Michie, S. (2014). Thepsychological impact of providing women with risk information forpre-eclamspia: a qualitative study. Midwifery, 30, 1187-1195.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2014.04.006

Spruce, L. (2015). Back to basics: Implementing evidence-basedpractice. AORN Journal, 101(1), 106-112.doi:10.1016/j.aorn.2014.08.009

Townsend, R., O’Brien, P., &amp Khalil, A. (2015). Diagnosis andmanagement of pre-eclampsia: A clinical perspective on recentadvances in the field. British Journal Of Midwifery,23(4), 252-258. Retrieved fromhttp://eds.a.ebscohost.com.courseinfo.wssu.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdf