Ethicalissues in a Healthcare system
Moralis defined as the principle of doing right or wrong. It mostlyentails the behavior of humans. Legal on the other hand involves whatis in conformity with the law. These are deeds that are allowable bythe public policy. They are, therefore, not condemned as illegal. Asper the definitions, the two elements are different. Morals are basedon beliefs whereas legal acts are based on law. In addition to that,morals are based on principles and values, which are shaped by ourupbringing. Faith and beliefs are also fundamental aspects ofmorality. The virtues are instilled within us, and we deem them realand genuine. On the other hand, legal is obligated by law. It is acreation meant to limit the degree of evil such as murder within oursocieties.
Anethical dilemma involves the need to select from two or more optionsthat are morally acceptable or between unacceptable actions, wherebyone choice inhibits choosing the other. A medical practitioner isfaced with the challenge of selection and may involve certain aspectsof ethical codes to arrive at the best solution. The ethical dilemmasare caused by culture, beliefs, individual values, and religion. Oneexample of moral dilemma entails confidentiality (Hommadi, 2011).Should a medical doctor accept to break confidentiality if there arechances, a patient`s condition may be harmful to others? Is it rightfor family members to hide principal diagnosis from the patient?
Bioethicsentails controversial ethical issues emerging from new occurrencesand possibilities brought about by developments in medicine andbiology. The undertaking is mainly based on the current innovations.Innovations in medicine and biology have resulted in new behaviors inthe respective fields. Medical practitioners have numerous tools.Even if an action is legally right, it does not mean it is morally orethically correct. One common bioethical issue involves abortion.Though it is legally condoned in many societies, it still drawscritics who deem it morally unjust (Human, 2015). Legal problems thatimpact on medical performance are also vast. A good example is alawsuit against the mandate to purchase health insurance.
InHealthcare management, I will face some ethical situations. Privacyand confidentiality is one core aspect. The relationship betweenpatients and healthcare providers, especially in a rural community,is close. The closeness of patient-practitioner relationship mayaffect my professional responsibilities primarily involvingconfidentiality and privacy. Another ethical encounter involves organtransplant. Deciding on who should be given an organ is quite hardespecially when the body parts are limited. It is a sensitivesituation that must be handled with care. Administering reproductivehealth care may be quite challenging. Normally, thepatient-practitioner relationship has to be strong i.e. full oftrust. However, some situations may require ethical considerationsthat hinder appropriate healthcare services. Resource management isalso sensitive. When a patient is medically futile, and in avegetative state, the maintenance cost tend to rise. In that regard,when is one supposed to redirect the resources to a more needy casewho has high chances of survival? Such situations are hard to handle.The patient freedom versus healthcare control is a common trend inmany facilities. Sometimes patients reject medical advice, andpractitioners have to use force. As a result, patient freedom iscontravened.
Hommadi, J. (2011). Medical Ethical Dilemmas. Medical Ethical Dilemmas, 1-29.
Human, D. (2015). Medical Ethics Manual. Medical Ethics Manual, 1-73.