Industrialchanges, in the developed states, came along with numerousimplications, which included both positive and negative impacts.However, as much as the states enjoyed advanced tools, technology,products, and services, the environmental changes came along withsome detrimental effects. The changes showed massive degradation ofthe environment, and research pointed out the potentialities of thesituation culminating and leading to worst effects. The impacts werewidespread they could be felt in the air, in the water bodies, andon the soil. The issue resulted into collaborative efforts amongscientists, government bodies, and the public with an aim of bringingthe situation under control. Some of the measures that were put inplace, by the United States of America government, included theenactment of acts that touched on the environmental protection. TheClean Air and the Clean Water acts were some of such acts (Davies,2013). From the context, it is right to argue that the acts were putin place to address the ethical lapses that were portrayed byindustries and other bodies, in relation to the environment. In thepaper, I am going to focus on some of the actions that were directedtowards ethical lapses.
TheClean Water Act was, completely, enacted as a primary law under thefederal governments of the United States of America, in the year1972, to curb water pollution. On its enactment, the act came up withthe National Pollutant Elimination System that regulated points,which led to pollution of many water sources. The system targetedindustries, government institutions, and agro-based institutions.Under the United States al Protection Agency managementand other environmental affiliated agencies, the system issuedpermits to such entities after compliance to the set standards todischarge any waste to water bodies. To ensure fairness, the programcame up with standardized measures to check on the technologicaldischarges on water bodies nationally. Quality based standards werealso included by the establishment of limitations touching onquality.
Waterusage was also supposed to be designated, in an appropriate manner,to ensure its conservation. For instance, the consumption and supplyof water in public entities, fishing areas, wildlife, recreationactivities, agriculture, industry, and navigation were well outlinedin the act. Other actions included anti-degradation policies andfinancing of pollution controls. It is clear that all the policiesand measures put in place were in line with the lapses that werebeing experienced.
CleanAir Act was designed specifically to contain air pollution, which wasunethical. Measures were put in place to control the emissions ofharmful substances into the air. Further, technical and financialstructures were set up by state and national governments to aid inthe fight against air pollution (Davies, 2013). The Act came up withregions mandated to control the quality of air.
Additionally,standards were put in place to check fuel and vehicle emissions,aircraft emissions, and also to come up eco-friendly fuel vehicles. Enforced by the EPA, regulations were set regarding the emission ofthe greenhouse gasses, from both moving and stationed sources. Allthe measures were fueled toward curbing the unethical vices of airpollution.
Fromthe above discussion, it is clear that the changes in technology hada lot of implications on the environment. Man neglected his ethicalduty of protecting the environment. To address the existing lapses,the USA enacted the Clean Air and the Clean Water Acts. Though theirenforcement will impact positively on the future, their primary goalwas to address the existing ethical lapses.
Davies,K. (2013). TheRise of the U.S al Health Movement.Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.