EDUCATION AND THE ECONOMY 4
Educationand the Economy
Educationand the Economy
Themajor sociological perspective for understanding the education systemis categorized into three broad areas. The three aspects includeconflict theory, symbolic interactionism and functional perspective(Ballantine, & Hammack, 2015).
Perspectivefor understanding our education system
Conflicttheory asserts that education system tends to promote social andeconomic inequality among members of the society through a wide rangeof disparities. Some of the disparities that are more susceptible tobe encountered in the education system include inequality in availingfunds in different schools, hidden educational curriculums. Othervariations may be observed in term of school learning environment.For instance, some schools tend to adequate learning resources suchas books, teachers, and large classes while in other schools theconditions are deplorable. Besides, the use of standardizedexamination test tends to create disparities in the education systems(Ballantine, & Hammack, 2015).
Symbolicinteractionism perspective argues that the manner in which studentsinteract within the school affects their intellectual, social andeconomic abilities. Also, such interaction also determines studentsgender roles in the school and the society at large. Also, student’sinteraction in the school determines how much such students tend tolearn (Entwistle, & Ramsden, 2015).On the contrary, functionalismtheory asserts that education system serves a variety of functions.Some of those function include promotion of innovation, integration,and socialization to mention just but a few. Those features play asignificant role in assisting students to become self-reliant in thefuture which consequently help them to shun away unemployment(Archer, 2013).
Basedon the three education perspectives discussed above, it can beobserved that functionalism perspective is the most effective forunderstanding our system of education. Functionalism is an effectiveway of understanding our education system because it helps studentsto develop different social and survival skills that help them tosurvive and leave in harmony with other members of the society afterschool. It also provides a fundamental basis for defining student,for instance, teachers can be able to identify bright students andthose that have unique capabilities. Functionalism educationperspective also helps to explain that education plays a criticalrole in developing scientist, artist and prominent members of thesociety by equipping them with knowledge which helps them to come upwith practical, innovative ideas that make life more efficient andenjoyable.
Waysin which our education systems should support an economic agenda?
Theeducation system should support our social agenda by alleviatingproblems of unemployment, poverty, diseases and creating wealth whichconsequently promote our economic growth. Such economic plan can onlybe feasible if our education system encourages scientific and socialinnovation. The government and private investors should supporteducation systems by providing the necessary funding to all schooland encourage students to pursue more science courses. The educationsystem should prepare people for jobs by ensuring that the skillsneeded in various job markets are taught and practiced in theschools. The education system should be designed in such a way thatstudents are given attachments and internships while still incolleges and universities so that they can acquire necessaryemployability skills. Such involvement may help to prepare them forjobs. Besides, amendments should be made in our education curriculumsto ensure that policies that favor critical thinking and innovationare given the priority. The practical subject should be encouragedstudents should be provided with all necessary materials that theymay require to come up with more innovations. Such innovations willhelp to promote the growth of our economy and eliminate theunemployment problem which is one of the major issue facing oureconomy (Justino, 2016).
Archer,M. S. (2013). Socialorigins of educational systems.Routledge.
Ballantine,J., & Hammack, F. M. (2015). Thesociology of education: A systematic analysis.Routledge.
Entwistle,N., & Ramsden, P. (2015). UnderstandingStudent Learning (Routledge Revivals).Routledge.
Justino,P. (2016). Supply and demand restrictions to education inconflict-affected countries: New research and future agendas.InternationalJournal of Educational Development,47,76-85.