Diabetic Acidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome


DiabeticAcidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Syndrome

Diabeticacidosis is a metabolic disorder, which is considered to be quitedangerous and can easily cause death. The disorder is caused byresistance of insulin as well as a result of insulin being unable toeffectively circulate. Further, if the counter-regulatory hormonesare given out in big amounts, the disorder is likely to start. It isknown to be one of the biggest causes of death rates among children.With the disorder being nearly relating to type 1 diabetes, it is thelargest cause of death amongst adolescents and children who are toldto have diabetes. Some of the characteristics of the disorder are apH level of less than 7.3, having the serum glucose reading at alevel of more than 250 milligrams per Dl together with dehydrated.Important to note, it can affect people across all ages, with anabout fourteen per cent being over seventy years, 36 per cent beingunder thirties while the other half are between 30 and 70 years(Westerberg, 2013).

Onthe other hand, hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic syndrome can be said tobe the availability of large amounts of blood sugars. Essentially,ketones can be said to the waste substances that are given out as aresult of reducing the fats in the body. This challenge can be linkedto type 2 diabetes and mostly high chances lead to the hydration ofthe body. The amount of hydration or dehydration affects the bloodpressure and circulation. Amongst the causes of this disorder is highglucose in the body, reduced consciousness as well as the state ofthe body being overly dehydrated. However, the disorder may occur toany person who are not suffering from diabetes due to a number ofreasons including infections, taking drugs that lead to high loss offluids, and those that reduce the effectiveness of insulin andfinally, as a result of other illnesses such as stroke.


Westerberg,D. P. (2013). Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Evaluation and Treatment.AmericanFamily Physician, 8(5),338-346.