Democrats and Republicans Ideology on Social Welfare Programs

Democratsand Republicans Ideology on Social Welfare Programs

Democratsand Republicans Ideology on Social Welfare Programs

TheDemocrats and Republicans are the two major parties that dominate theAmerican political landscape. During the previous elections, thepresidential candidates from both parties have included the agenda ofpoverty and economic inequality in their campaign speeches to showtheir commitment to improving the standards of living and economicperformance in the country. The two parties have similar forms andaims, but they are different in their approach towards social welfareprograms. Therefore, both parties acknowledge the importance ofsocial welfare programs, but they propose different strategies formanaging and providing the benefits.

TheRepublicans and Democrats agree that the country should have socialwelfare programs. The parties believe in expanding welfare to reachas many people as possible. Likewise, they recognize that thenonprofit and faith-based organizations are best suited to advancethe provision of social welfare in the community (Mackin, 2013).Moreover, they accept that religious groups and charities have alwaysbeen crucial allies when dealing with economic challenges in thesociety. The parties have also supported welfare reforms that willextend the welfare benefits to strengthen work requirements, offeraffordable transport, childcare, and training programs to help peoplebecome self-reliant (Mackin, 2013). However, the Republicans andDemocrats have different approaches for providing and managing thewelfare benefits.

TheDemocrats support allocating more tax dollars for the food stamps,Medicaid, unemployment benefits, and other social welfare programs(Mackin, 2013). Consequently, the Democrats defend long-term welfaresince they believe that it is a source of security and a form ofprotection for the underprivileged in the society. The Democrats alsosupport the government managing the social welfare programs.Additionally, the Democrats mandate social welfare for all poorAmericans because they believe that it introduces a sense of economicequality in the country (Mackin, 2013).

Onthe contrary, the Republicans have aggressively campaigned for areduction in the funding for the social welfare programs (Covert,2015). Instead, they propose replacing the welfare programs withnonprofit organizations. The Republicans also favor the funding ofprivately controlled social programs. They argue that theseorganizations will foster patriotism and wellbeing. Hence, the partysupports exempting these organizations from taxes and giving themnon-tax deductible donations to promote their good work in thesociety. For example, the Congressional Republicans have pointed outthat the government spending on the welfare programs is out ofcontrol (Covert, 2015). Republicans have campaigned against too muchspending on welfare because a large number of people are currentlyreceiving federal welfare benefits as compared to any other time inthe country’s history. Additionally, the Republicans havecontinually challenged the legal and political boundaries that directthe way the government assists the poor. For example, the Republicansclaim that the government is providing the benefits to illegalimmigrants, which is increasing the cost of the welfare programs(Covert, 2015).

Moreover,the Republicans oppose the long-term welfare programs because theyclaim that the benefits should only be provided for the needy as away of helping them become self-reliant (Little, 2012). Although theparty supports social welfare, they believe that every Americanshould have a chance to earn a salary and experience the pride ofbeing economically independent. Republicans consider welfare as astep to better things rather than a way of life for the poor.Therefore, the welfare recipient should get jobs and stop dependingsolely on government provisions. The Republicans claim that it isbetter and effective to encourage the people to be self-reliantrather than allowing them to continue depending on the government fortheir necessities. According to the Republicans, long-termavailability of government provisions will minimize the availabilityof labor (Little, 2012). For example, they argue that if theunemployed people can still access the generous government benefits,they will not find any reason to work.

Accordingly,the Republicans propose strict controls for the social welfareprograms.

TheRepublicans believe that there should be limits to guarantee arecipient is eligible for the benefits and ensure that people do notabuse the welfare (Little, 2012). In the past, some Republicangovernors proposed reshaping of the social welfare programs with drugtesting and other requirements. The drug-screening plan would ensurethat the welfare recipients are drugs free thus, they will beeligible to work. The Republicans argued that the new regulationswould prepare the social welfare recipients to take up jobs andassure the taxpayers that the welfare money is well spent. Moreover,some Republicans proposed that the state should assist the socialwelfare recipients to find jobs as a precondition for accessing thesocial welfare benefits. Therefore, their main agenda is to ensurethat welfare recipients find work, which means that they will nolonger qualify for the government assistance (Little, 2012).

Onthe other hand, Democrats have supported laws that show their supportfor long-term, unrestricted social welfare programs. The Democratsopposed the regulations on eligibility limits proposed by theRepublicans because it hinders distribution of social welfare to asmany poor people as possible. They viewed the law as a way ofstigmatizing the people who need public assistance. Furthermore, theDemocrats claim that the welfare reforms proposed by the Republicanswill deny the poorest people from acquiring the much-neededgovernment provisions (Mackin, 2013).

Inconclusion, the Democrats and Republicans intend to promote economicgrowth and reduce poverty in the country. Hence, both partiesacknowledge the importance of social welfare in uplifting theunderprivileged in the society, but they differ in their strategieswhen managing these programs. Likewise, the Republicans and Democratsbelieve the faith-based and nonprofit organizations have asignificant responsibility when dealing with poverty and othereconomic-related issues in the society. The parties understand thatthe non-profit organizations and charities are in a better positionto spread social welfare benefits in the society. However, theDemocrats claim that the government should provide and manage bothtemporary and long-term social welfare programs. They also believethat the social welfare recipients should not be subject to strictscrutiny before they can access the benefits. On the contrary, theRepublicans believe that charities and non-profit organizationsshould privately manage the social welfare programs. Besides, theyargue that the government should not provide long-term benefitsbecause it discourages the recipients from working, which affects theavailability of labor in the country. The Republicans have showntheir opposition to social welfare programs by proposing strategiessuch as drug tests before a person can receive the benefits. Theirplan is to ensure that the recipients qualify for employment insteadof depending on government provisions throughout their life. Althoughthe two parties show some major differences when managing socialwelfare programs, it is almost impossible to classify people based onsuch political subject because there are many specific issues thatmembers of each party support. In the end, it is all about improvingthe living standards of the low-income Americans thus, improve theeconomy in the United States.


Covert,B. (2015). The ‘Magical Thinking’ Behind The GOP Plan To CutPrograms For The Poor. Retrieved from

Little,M. T. (2012). ProdigalRepublican: Faith and politics.Indiana: West Bow Press.

Mackin,G. D. (2013). Thepolitics of social welfare in America.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.