Abortionhas been a controversial term since the ancient times. Literally, theterm is used to refer to the act of bringing a pregnancy to an end,by either extracting an embryo or the fetus before maturity (Forster52). Accidental abortion is known as miscarriage however, intendedform of abortion is what we call induced abortion. In some case it isreferred to as the late termination of pregnancy the removal of thefetus is done when it has the potential to survive in the outsideenvironment. In developed countries the practice has been allowedunder certain conditions, and it is done using modern techniques,which are safe and take care of the future health, physical,biological, and psychological needs of the individual. Application ofmodern surgical methods and medication followed up by family planningmethods, like the pill, to maintain the life of the woman in a normalway. This secure approach does not expose the woman to long-term sideeffects of abortion, which are both mental and physical. Contrarily,over 47000 people succumb to death because of abortion and over 5million get bedridden annually because of induced abortion. In therecent past, the abortion rates rapidly increased to up to 56 millioncases in 2002. However, there was a remarkable decrease of the casesfrom 2003 to 2008 which was attributed to the massive campaigns onfamily planning and the use of condoms.
Ethical,State and religious views on abortion vary from place to place. Inseveral regions, the act is allowed in certain situations like rape,biological problems, in case the woman`s life in endangered, orincest. However, abortion has remained a debatable issue morally,ethically and legally. Though the World Health Organization hasrecommended safer and lawful methods of abortion and some States evenlegalized it, I am totally against the practice. In my essay, I willargue out and defend my choice of why I am against abortion.
Thetrial of Dr. Kermit Gosnell led a standstill in the legal abortionsector of the United State of America. His trial brought out thedarker side of abortion, and controversial debates arose basing onthe issue. The trial brought out the aversive impacts of abortion notonly those carried out illegally, but also those that were consideredlegal in clinics.
Abortionexposes women to several short-term health risks. There are numerousimmediate risks that range from continuous bleeding, bacterialinfections, unfinished abortion, clotting of blood to sustaininginjuries in the birth canal or surrounding areas (Forster 56). It mayalso lead to other complications like heart failure, difficulties inbreathing, complications in the renal areas, shocks, complications inthe metabolic processes, and even ectopic pregnancies.
Itis clear that women who have aborted are susceptible to suchimmediate complications. Further studies reveal that the immediaterisks have led to the death of about one-fifth of the women involvedin the practice. The issues arise in all cases regardless of thelegality of the practice or the medical conditions under which it wascarried out.
Abortion, also, has a negative implication on the future reproductivelife of the woman (Forster 62). One of such implications is theoccurrence of premature death this happens when the woman givesbirth to four or more weeks prior to the biological due date ofchildbirth. Abortion has been named an absolute factor on medicalgrounds of premature delivery. There are several that lead topremature childbirth and abortion in women they include themechanical stress, the biological system, infections, and processesthat might have left scars in the endometrial. Premature childbirthis the leading causal factor of mortality among infants both in theUnited States of America and in the entire world. Unfortunately, alarger percentage of them have been linked to abortion practice inthe early stages of the mother`s life. In addition, premature birthhas also given rise to babies with a lot of complications thatinclude underweight, visual impairment, mental retardation, problemsin the behavior, chronic medical issues, and even hearing impairment.In case the problems are not noticed at early stages of development,they may increase in the future.
Prematurepregnancies linked to abortions have also strained governmentexpenditure. In fact, medical bills for such cases are approximatedto be over $1.2 billion annually, not taking into account the costthe government incurs on the long-term effects to the families andthe children of the victims (Forster 66).
Anotherrisk associated with abortion is the development of placenta prevailsin subsequent pregnancies (Forster 70). The problem is characterizedby the partial or total coverage of the mother’s cervix leading touncontrolled bleeding prior or in the delivery process. This can putboth the mother’s life and the baby’s life in danger. The motherfaces the greatest risk of hemorrhage, which if not controlled itlead to huge losses of blood within a span of fifteen minutes suchlosses is a threat to the life of the mother. The abnormalpositioning of the placenta has always necessitated an impromptucesarean operation for early delivery of the child and save the lifeof the mother. Induced abortion has always been linked to thesituation due to the dilation and curettage. The risk also appearsamong women who got infections during the abortion process.
Healthevidence has also brought out, clearly, the relationship betweentrauma, which is caused by abortion, and traits of being depressed,anxious, and even suicidal feelings. Abortion victims have beenproven to be highly susceptible to mental problems. Over 10% out ofthe total population of women who are depressed are victims ofabortion (Forster 75). Studies show that women whom their firstpregnancy was aborted fall under high-level depression risks whencompared to those who gave birth. Same studies have also tested thelevel of anxiety, and assert that in some cases the situation hasbecome much worse due to the feeling of committing suicide.
Abortionis also linked to certain types of cancer (Forster 80). This issuehas been a hotbed of debates within the medical fraternity as manyindividuals have raised up to dispute the claim. Nevertheless, it ismedically proven that successful first mature delivery reduces one`ssusceptibility to breast cancer. Therefore, medically, abortionduring the first pregnancy reduces or even faces out the protectionagainst cancer.
Ina recap, it is evident that abortion poses many risks to the womanthat not only endangers his life, but also the life of the baby insubsequent pregnancies. The risks range from physical, psychologicalto biological. However, it is very unfortunate that a number ofabortion cases, impacts and even those who take part in the actionillegally go unreported. There are also many myths going round aboutthe practice. However, even from the religious point of view abortioncannot be justified.
Forster,M.”Long-Term Physical and Psychological Health Consequences ofInduced Abortion”: Journal of Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey.67(70):2012, 52-100 2002. Print.