Causeand Effect from drug abuse on human behavior.
Thehigh number of drug abuse cases is now a worrying concern globally.Despite the several measures and initiatives put in place to reformthe addicts and train people on the harmful effects of drug abuse,the practice is still on the rise with a great number of individualsbeing affected. The effects also spread to other close familymembers, relatives’ friends and colleagues. The study willtherefore, primarily focus on establishing the reasons or the factorsthat influence teenagers, people of all generations including theadult to involve themselves in drug abuse practices. These findingswill be based on diverse articles and research conducted by variousscholars. In addition, the study will also seek to find out theeffect of drug abuse on the character and behavior of human beings.Further, the impact of behavioral change by the victims of drug abuseeither at personal level or those surrounding them will also beexamined. Lastly, the study will also give recommendations on some ofthe mechanisms that should be used to deal with drug abuse menace inaddition to some of the initiatives that are already in place.
Causeand Effect from drug abuse on human behavior.
Incidencesrelated to drug abuse have significantly increased all over the yearswith more and more people being victims and chronic addicts.Evidently, drug abuse is now becoming a global challenge withteenagers and young adults recording the highest figures of peopleconsuming and being affected compared to the adults. Several types ofresearch by scholars have been conducted to establish the exactcauses of drug abuse and the factors influencing people to engage insuch practice as well as its detrimental effects on human behaviorand their general health. According to Brick & Erickson (2013),there are various types of drugs commonly used by people and theyinclude nicotine, alcohol, cocaine, and marijuana. It is alsoimportant to note that, each one of them has distinct effects on thehuman brain, body, and their behavior. This research, therefore,focuses on giving an insight and a better understanding of the majorfactors that in one way or another compel individuals or groups ofpeople to develop a habit of substance abuse through their methods orusing them in extreme amounts which are destructive either tothemselves at a personal level or others.
Thisparticular section entails a review of the researches conducted byscholars and their findings on the cause and the effects of drugabuse on human behavior. First, the research focuses on finding outthe reasons or the various factors that compel individuals to engagethemselves in substance abuse, a behavior that is so rampant amongstteenagers and young people who form the largest portion of thepopulation in the society. Secondly, the research will alsoconcentrate on reviewing various studies as far as the detrimentaleffects of substance abuse on human behavior is concerned.Consumption of these drugs has been contributed by various factors(Verster, 2012).Some of the factors include genetics, co-occurringconditions, peer influence, lack of parent to child communication,unsupervised or uncontrolled accessibility as well as too muchfreedom. According to (National Institute of Alcohol Abuse andAlcoholism , 2004), alcohol consumption has a damaging effect on thebrain or even causing a memory lapse to memory loss for some drugaddicts if it is used to extreme levels. Without doubt, heavy andpersistent drinking of the drugs such as marijuana and alcoholimpairs the normal functions of the brain thus negatively affectingthe behavior of the addicts. In addition, abuse of drugs has resultedin rising cases of domestic violence, frequent fights, anddisagreements. Equally important, drug consumption has also beenassociated with intense depression and respiratory problems. Besides,substance abuse has a substantial effect on the emotions of thevictims Elster (2012).Prolonged drug abuse results to addiction andeventual loss of appetite and sleep deprivation.
Thestudy established that drug abuse is caused by a number of factorsand it has got both long term and short term effects on humanbehavior. Lack of Parental guidance and communication was cited to beone of the major factors that influence teenagers to engage in thepractice. More often, parents and guardians do not create time sothat they can have comprehensive and productive conversations withtheir children about drug abuse and its harmful effects. A goodnumber of teenagers involve themselves in drug abuse due to lack ofinformation On the same note, making alcohol and other drugsavailable or easily accessible to individuals greatly influences themto start consuming those substances which are harmful to theirhealth.
Further,the various studies suggest that drug abuse is also highly dependenton the family history and genetics of the victim. If there is ahistory of drug addiction and abuse in the family, then there is ahigh probability that children will also engage themselves in suchharmful practice. On the same note, peer pressure was alsoestablished to be one of the factors influencing teenagers and theyoung generation to engage in substance abuse. Too much freedomgranted to the teenagers, for instance when they attend parties withtheir parents having no information on the kind of event or perhapswhere it will be taking place really encourages them to startunacceptable practices such as drug abuse. Boredom which can be dueto idleness also compels individuals to engage themselves insubstance abuse. Also, the job market across the globe is becomingvery competitive with limited opportunities that can only absorb afew number of graduates coming out of colleges and institutions ofhigher learning. This makes a significant portion of them idle whoeventually start involving themselves in unacceptable activities suchas drug abuse so that they can be occupied.
Understandably,drug abuse has diverse effects on human behavior as established bythe various scholars. For instance, alcohol consumption results inimpaired memory, blurred vision, slow and prolonged reaction times aswell as difficulty walking. This collectively hampers the properfunctionality of the brain of the victims characterized by simple andshort time memory lapses to permanent and devastating disorders whichnecessitate a lifetime custodial care. Alcohol and other drugconsumed once they enter into the human brain, they interfere withthe ability of the brain cells sending signals to the rest of thebody parts hence hindering them from functioning properly. Moreover,some drugs such as cocaine have the effect of stimulating bodyneurons to release huge amounts of particular transmitters whichactivate the pleasure system of the brain thus affecting humanbehavior. Furthermore, the use of drugs makes the victims suffer frompsychosis apart from experiencing hallucinations. Irritability, aswell as disturbance of the moods and emotions, is also common. It isalso very crucial to note that drug abuse impairs vision leading tofrequent accidents caused by the drivers addicted to consuming suchharmful substances. It was also established that the high number ofdomestic violence cases, troubled relationships with family members,friends, relatives or colleagues at the workplace are majorly causedby the use of drugs which leads to regular fights and disagreements.Drug abuse negatively affects the behavior of individuals causingsevere depression. Substance abuse triggers despair symptoms such ashopelessness, sadness, and lethargy (Brick& Erickson, 2013).Notably,drug abuse affects sober and appropriate judgment due to itsconsiderable effect. The victims more often, are unable to makesuitable and accurate decisions due to memory lapse. Also, thedepressive effect of alcohol has a negative effect on the medullawhich is an essential part of the human brain since it is the onethat controls automatic functions, for instance, breathing andheartbeat. Therefore, alcohol affects human behavior resulting toincreased talkativeness.
Asit has been noted from the study, there is an increasing trend fordrug abuse amongst teenagers and the young generation with variousfactors established to be contributing to the same. It is very vital,therefore, for the parents, guardians and also the teachers to takeappropriate measures to ensure that such practice is dealt with andthose who are already addicted reform and change their lives for thebetter. That can only be facilitated if both the teachers, parents,and guardians work together and have open conversations with theirchildren and students on drug abuse and its harmful effects (Elster,2012).More lessons should be introduced to the students so that they can beenlightened and thought about drugs and its effects. Embracing suchpractice and making it be a routine will be very beneficial incurbing drug abuse menace. The teenagers will be informed in advancethus restrain themselves from engaging in such behavior. Again,talking to them will boost their confidence such that they willalways feel free to share issues relating to drugs to their parents,teachers and guardians and seeking advice whenever necessary thusmaking it easier for them to control drug abuse in time (Elster,2012).Rehabilitation centers and institutions should also be set up totransform the addicted individuals, let them be educated on theharmful effects of drug abuse and make them realize it is never asolution to the various challenges they might be going through. Thisis because in the long run drug abuse negatively affects theirbehavior and good health. Lastly, there is need to create more jobopportunities to absorb the high number of students graduating frominstructions of higher learning so that they can find themselvesoccupied and hence minimize the possibility of engaging in substanceabuse due to idleness (Verster,2012).
Brick,J., & Erickson, C. K. (2013). Drugs,the brain, and behavior: The pharmacology of drug use disorders.Routledge.
Elster,J. (2012). Strongfeelings: Emotion, addiction, and human behavior.
National Insitute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism . (2004, October). ALCOHOL ALERT.
Retrieved from National Insitute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism : http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa63/aa63.htm
Verster,J. C. (2012). Drugabuse and addiction in medical illness: Causes, consequences and
treatment.New York, NY: Springer.