AmericanPolicy towards North Korea
The Recent exchange of artillery between South and North Korea whichemerged as a result of hacking incident of SONY Pictures which wasallegedly to have been instigated by the North Korean government hasseen the need for the United States administration to focus itsattention in a bid to disarm the Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea (DPRK). It is estimated that by the of year 2016, DPRK could behaving over 20 nuclear weapons and approximately over 50 nuclearweapons by the year 2020. Going by this statistics the United Statesof America and its adjoining regional members are justified to opposethe production and continued testing of nuclear weapons by NorthKorea. The foundation of anti-nuclear production policies subjectedtowards one of the most dangerous nations in the world (North Korea)are correctly adjudged as the violation of the established grip wouldthreaten to destroy the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as well asputting the nuclear weapons at the disposal of a brutal reign.However, there is a need for more enforcement of denuclearizing NorthKorea as the nation continues its nuclear activities at the timeeveryone else stands against its initiates. Vis-à-vis to thissubject, this memoir elucidates a plan for how the US should getNorth Korea to disarm its nuclear arsenal while drawing fromWallerstein and the likely criticism for the scheme outlined herein.
First, The United States of America and the Republic of Korea shouldhalt their joint military activity. According to the Korean CentralNews Agency (KCNA), The DPRK was committed to halt their nucleartesting as long as the United States and the Republic of Koreastopped their unified military activity. In order to create agoodwill for DPRK to halt its nuclear weapons, the United Statesshould make effort to halt their military activity with the Republicof Korea. This is important in reaching a mutual agreement betweenthe two nations and eliminate the possibility of retaliation(Wallerstein,2015).
The utilization of unilateral military may be a highly contentiousissue, and it should be the ideal replacement of the failedmultilateral frameworks established which involves the use ofinternational development techniques and diplomatic negotiations. Theuse of unilateral military force would see the nation dismantle itsnuclear infrastructure verifiably (O`Hanlon, 2016). While the secondone have failed and the former may have several associated damages,the combination of the two should be stressed and not should be usedmutually exclusive of the other. The most important thing should bemaintaining both regional political stability as well as safeguardingthe welfare of the populace.
Another technique that would see America succeed in denuclearizingthe nation of North Korea is the use of rebalancing policy(Kurlantzick, 2016). Here, the American military would activelyparticipate in strengthening the United States’ economic andpolitical commitment to promoting dialogue with China. By empoweringChina, the government of the United States can rest assured theneighboring in the region will help to denuclearize the Republic ofNorth Korea. Besides, China could prove a major party in achievingthese objectives by tightening their tariffs and help which theyprovide to North Korea. Even though this cannot be achievedovernight, there is a need to exercise a lot of patience. Theexecution of these policies should be done carefully to counter thepossibility of retaliation.
Offering incentives to the nation would offer a more relaxed methodof settling the problem of disarming North Korea as well as enablingthe implementation of the sanctions imposed. This approach wouldinclude the reduction of nuclear production by North Korea to certainminimum levels. It would also see the nation reduce the nucleartesting range to particular levels or not exceeding a certainthreshold.
Finally, the US federal government would need to denuclearize thenation totally as well as normalize its relationship with NorthKorea. In this stance, they would offer to provide support in makingeconomic, humanitarian and diplomatic reforms. In the process,diplomatic goals would comprise the denuclearization of the nation.This method might be impossible to implement over a short periodhence, requires a lot of time.
According to an article by Wallerstein (2015), there is a great needto pursue matters in an intellectual manner than emphasizing onjustice alone. In his World-Systems theory, Wallerstein labels thecapitalist world economy as prejudicial to the majority of worldinhabitants while still arguing that the world we live is connectedvia resources, distribution and every person are at liberty tointeract freely with locally available resources. As such, he wouldhighly oppose the forcible denuclearization of North Koreaemphasizing on economic damages. However, the most suitedcounterargument to this notion is that the benefits of eliminatingthe nuclear damages posed by possession of nuclear weapons overridethe short-term implications, and there still exist better paths ofsettling the issue with dialogue.
In conclusion, the US government has a wide array of resources at itsdisposal that it can utilize to disarm North Korea. Even though someare short-term, while others are long-term, whichever the methodemployed neither of the methods will be void of criticism. As such,deploying some or all of them would be helpful in the bid toeliminate nuclear weapons production and continued testing.
Wallerstein,M. B. (2015). The Price of Inattention: A Survivable North KoreanNuclear Threat?. TheWashington Quarterly, 38(3),21-35.
O’Hanlon, M. (2016, January 11). How to dismantle North Korea’snuclear arsenal. Retrieved June 18, 2016, fromhttp://nationalinterest.org/feature/how-dismantle-north-koreas-nuclear-arsenal-14855
Kurlantzick, J. (2016, April 26). U.S. Policy toward North Korea.Retrieved June 18, 2016, fromhttp://www.cfr.org/north-korea/us-policy-toward-north-korea/p29962